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DIARY: March 12, 2004 08:09 AM Friday;
21st century science mathematics, Newton, entropy, complexity, evolution.
2...Mathematics Fully Explains Rationality of Physical World
....Mathematics and Science
....Pythagoras Philosophical Foundation of Mathematics
....Clockwork Universe Newton Liebniz Calculus Zenith of Mathematics
....Newton Liebniz Calculus Zenith of Mathematics Clockwork Universe
3...Newtonian Physics Plato Aristotle Galileo Kepler
....Laws of motion...
....Law of gravity...
4...Mechanical Newtonian Linear Reductionist Thinking Alphabet Technology
5...Electromagnetism Insulators Conductors Semiconductors Columbs Law
6...Atom Gains Loses Electrons Creates Negative or Positive Charge
7...Electric Field Mathematical Model Motion by Energy of Electric Charge
....Thermodynamics 1st Law Conservation of Energy
....1st Law Thermodynamics Conservation of Energy
....Conservation of Energy 1st Law of Thermodynamics
....2nd Law Thermodynamics Entropy All Processes Move to Disorder
....Entropy Order Structure Decay into Complexity Chaos Randomness
....Irreversability Time Continual Movement Order to Disorder Entropy
9...Management Degrades from Rising Entropy on the Job Due to Complexity
....Time Irreversable Macroscopic World Reversable Microscopic Scale
10...Special Relativity Energy = Mass * Speed Light Squared
11...General Relativity Space Time Mass Gravity Black Holes
12...Mathematics Random Numbers Generate Non-repetitive Sequence Creativity
13...Complexity Chaos Randomness Irreversibility Logic Based on Faith
14...Complexity seems to have several meanings....
15...Creativity Connect Dots Power of Knowledge Strengthen Organization
16...Creativity Management Fails Chaos Explodes Yielding New Organization
17...Binary Structure Existence Emergence Entropy Fluctuate with Energy
18...Evolution Biology Phenotype Gene Pool Changes Natural Selection Time
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0201 - University of Oregon
020101 - Mr. James Schombert, PhD; Director and Professor
020103 - Physics Department
020104 - General Sciences Program
Mathematics Science Fully Explains Rationality of Physical World 21s
0603 - ..
0604 - Summary/Objective
060501 - Follow up ref SDS 33 0000, ref SDS 31 0000.
060503 - This continues review of lectures on 21st century science. ref SDS 33
060504 - YH5H
060506 - ..
060507 - Index lists all 29 lectures. ref OF 1 0001
060509 - ..
060510 - The size of the project to inventory all of the lectures requires
060511 - four (4) records in order to have space for organic structure, and
060512 - future connections.
060514 - 1. Newtonian physics laws of motion
060515 - gravity explains structure order
060516 - locality principle adding
060517 - energy to connect cause and
060518 - effect yields power of knowledge
060519 - to predict the future...................... ref SDS 33 0001
060521 - ..
060522 - 2. Electrical force, nuclear power
060523 - complement gravity laws of motion;
060524 - thermodynamics laws of nature
060525 - conservation of energy, irreversibility
060526 - of time rising entropy increases
060527 - disorder; Einstein theory of
060528 - relativity E = MC^2; mathematics
060529 - random numbers create complexity
060530 - enables emergence biological
060531 - evolution that increases order
060532 - in complex systems, complements
060533 - 2nd law of rising
060534 - disorder................................... ref SDS 0 0001
060536 - ..
060537 - 3. Quantum mechanics wave particle
060538 - duality complementarity uncertainity
060539 - principle, holism, emergence quantum
060540 - leap, microscopic structure elemental
060541 - particles.................................. ref SDS 34 0001
060543 - ..
060544 - 4. Cosmology extend Standard model of
060545 - universe, unification laws, constants
060546 - and forces of nature into grand unified
060547 - theory (GUTS) and theory of everythong
060548 - (TOE), discover 1 underlying force and
060549 - law of nature, like irreversability
060550 - of time, gravity hard to synthesize,
060551 - religion theory on creation of universe,
060552 - big bang, inflation, barryogensis, and
060553 - anthropic principle scientific model
060554 - of creation............................... ref SDS 35 0001
060560 - ..
0607 - Progress
060801 - ..
060802 - Mathematics Fully Explains Rationality of Physical World
060804 - Follow up ref SDS 33 PUUP.
060806 - Lecture 02 on 040331 presents philosophical underpinnings of
060807 - mathematics and science. ref OF 6 0001 Mathematics uses numerical
060808 - models to explain consistent observations of rational phenomena in the
060809 - universe, e.g., motion where the sun rises in the East, tides, falling
060810 - objects. Includes sections on...
060813 - ..
060814 - Mathematics and Science
060816 - Follow up ref SDS 33 JC9F.
060818 - The fact that the Universe is rational also implies that since our
060819 - senses can be deceived then they are unreliable and possible
060820 - sources of error in our understanding of the workings of Nature.
060821 - Thus, came the belief that underlying order of the Universe can be
060822 - understood by pure thought and can be expressed in mathematical
060823 - form. Thus, mathematics lies at the heart of science and is rarely
060824 - questioned. But is mathematics a human invention or does it have
060825 - an independent existence? ref OF 6 NR5H
060827 - ..
060828 - Two schools of thought...
060830 - 1. Mathematical concepts are idealizations of the physical world.
060831 - The world of absolutes, called the Platonic world, exists
060832 - through the physical world. In this case, the mathematical
060833 - world would be thought of as emerging from the world of
060834 - physical objects. ref OF 6 HR7H
060836 - ..
060837 - 2. Nature is precisely governed by timeless mathematical laws.
060838 - Plato believed that there exists an immaterial Universe of
060839 - `forms', perfect aspects of everyday things such as a table,
060840 - bird, and ideas/emotions, joy, action, etc. The objects and
060841 - ideas in our material world are `shadows' of the forms (see
060842 - Plato's Allegory of the Cave). ref OF 6 HPUX
060844 - ..
060845 - Mathematical truths are discovered. The physical world is a shadow
060846 - of truths in the Platonic world. This reasoning comes about when
060847 - we realize (through thought and experimentation) how the behavior
060848 - of Nature follows mathematics to an extremely high degree of
060849 - accuracy. The deeper we probe the laws of Nature, the more the
060850 - physical world disappears and becomes a world of pure math.
060851 - ref OF 6 H077
Pythagoras Philosophical Foundation of Mathematics 21st Century Scie
100401 - ..
100402 - Pythagoras Philosophical Foundation of Mathematics
100404 - Follow up ref SDS 33 U69G.
100406 - Philosophical foundation of mathematical sciences is due to the
100407 - Pythagorean school. Pythagoras lived in the 6th century B.C., most
100408 - of the work we attribute to the individual is more than likely a
100409 - composite of work done over many centuries by his school.
100410 - ref OF 6 HS5G
Clockwork Universe Newton Liebniz Calculus Zenith Peak of Mathematic
140401 - ..
140402 - Clockwork Universe Newton Liebniz Calculus Zenith of Mathematics
140403 - Newton Liebniz Calculus Zenith of Mathematics Clockwork Universe
140405 - Follow up ref SDS 33 TB4F.
140407 - Historical peak of mathematics was the development of calculus by
140408 - Newton as the basis for his theory of mechanics and gravitation.
140409 - Calculus was so successful that the early numerological image of
140410 - the Universe was replaced with a clockwork image. This clockwork
140411 - model of the Universe reached its most developed form under Laplace
140412 - in the late eighteenth century, who envisaged every atom in the
140413 - Universe as a component in a precise cosmic mechanism. ref OF 6
140414 - 0312
Newtonian Physics April 2 2004 Doctor James Schombert University of
360401 - ..
360402 - Newtonian Physics Plato Aristotle Galileo Kepler
360404 - Follow up ref SDS 33 EL6J.
360406 - Lecture 03 on 040402 presents historical evolution from Pythagorus to
360407 - Plato, Aristotle, jumps to Galileo, and finally to Newton. ref OF 7
360408 - 0001
360410 - ..
360411 - Aristotle addressed cause of motion, and proposed an "unmoved mover,"
360412 - ref OF 7 0151, which seems like the notion that god is the first
360413 - cause of motion.
360415 - ..
360416 - Galileo developed mathematical laws of motion primarily related to
360417 - objects on earth. ref OF 7 2W8M
360419 - ..
360420 - Kepler develope laws of planetary motion. ref OF 7 025I
360422 - ..
360423 - Newton developed mathematical relationship between energy, mass, and
360424 - motion, ref OF 7 02FI, based on...
360426 - 1. acceleration
360428 - change in velocity = acceleration -> caused by force
360430 - ..
360431 - 2. momentun
360433 - inertia = resistance to change in velocity and is
360434 - proportional to mass
360436 - momentum = quantity of motion energy and is equal to mass
360437 - times velocity
360439 - ..
360440 - 3. conservation
360442 - total momentum (mass x velocity) of an interaction is
360443 - conserved -> is the same before and after
360446 - ..
360447 - Laws of motion...
360449 - 1st law: a body remains at rest or moves in a straight line of
360450 - constant velocity as long as no external forces acts on it
360451 - ref OF 7 035J
360453 - ..
360454 - 2nd law: a body acted on by a force will accelerate such that
360455 - force equals mass times acceleration (F=ma), ref OF 7 GTRW
360457 - ..
360458 - 3rd law: for every action there is an equal and opposite
360459 - reaction, ref OF 7 GTRW,
360461 - ..
360462 - Law of gravity...
360464 - Newton determines that gravity controls the motion of objects
360465 - in the Universe (i.e. Newton's apple), ref OF 7 03HO,
360467 - Objects in the Universe attract each other with a force that
360468 - varies directly as the product of their masses and inversely as
360469 - the square of their distances. ref OF 7 GTWV
360471 - ..
360472 - All masses, regardless of size, attract other masses with
360473 - gravity. You don't notice the force from nearby objects
360474 - because their mass is so small compared to the mass of the
360475 - Earth. ref OF 7 GTWV
360477 - ..
360478 - Force of gravity, F, is given by...
360480 - G*m1*m2
360481 - F = -----------
360482 - R^2
360484 - ..
360485 - where...
360487 - G = gravitational constant = 6.668x10^-8 dynes cm^3 g^-2
360489 - m1 = mass of object #1
360491 - m2 = mass of object #2
360493 - ..
360494 - R = distance between the objects
360497 - ..
360498 - Newtonian mechanics dominated thinking until the development of
360499 - quantum physics and chaos theory. ref OF 7 GVTW
360501 - [On 040312 Schombert's lecture on 040428 discussing uncertainty
360502 - principle notes quantum mechanics reduce to Newtonian physics
360503 - at the macro level of daily life. ref SDS 34 MN3N
360505 - ..
360506 - Dual nature of light that acted as both particle and wave that led to
360507 - development of quantum physics. ref OF 7 IWPT
360511 - ..
360512 - Mechanical Newtonian Linear Reductionist Thinking Alphabet Technology
360514 - Follow up ref SDS 33 GD6K.
360516 - Reductionism leading to materialism was presented in Schombert's 1st
360517 - lecture on March 29, 2004 laying a foundation for discussion of 21st
360518 - century science. ref SDS 33 DH7J
360520 - ..
360521 - Locality principle derives the power of knowledge from energy that
360522 - connects cause and effect, ref SDS 33 YH4G, from the irreversability
360523 - of time in the universe. ref SDS 0 566F The linear dimension of time
360524 - devolves order into disorger absent adding energy under the 2nd law of
360525 - thermodynamics. The power of knowledge to control and predict the
360526 - future from energy connecting cause and effect is commonly associated
360527 - with mechanized, Newtonian, linear, reductionist thinking.
360529 - ..
360530 - Mechanical thinking has been criticized from the time of Plato's
360531 - Phaedrus in 400 BC. Socratic skepticism describes alphabet
360532 - technology, ref SDS 14 3416, as trusting the external characters,
360533 - reviewed 991209. ref SDS 14 5658
360535 - [On 040620 linear Newtonian mechanical and reductionist
360536 - thinking bitterly criticized for practice and tools of
360537 - Knowledge Management. ref SDS 38 K47Q
360539 - ..
360540 - Newtonian physics has proven effective for most of the activities
360541 - people undertake, including traveling to the moon, and beyond.
360543 - [On 040312 Schombert's lecture on 040428 discussing uncertainty
360544 - principle notes quantum mechanics reduce to Newtonian physics
360545 - at the macro level of daily life. ref SDS 34 MN3N
Electromagnetism April 5 2004 Doctor James Schombert University of O
410401 - ..
410402 - Electromagnetism Insulators Conductors Semiconductors Columbs Law
410403 - Atom Gains Loses Electrons Creates Negative or Positive Charge
410404 - Electric Field Mathematical Model Motion by Energy of Electric Charge
410406 - Follow up ref SDS 33 FH8H.
410408 - Lecture 04 on 040405 presents brief background on study of electricity
410409 - and magnetism, and then explains general laws, theory and mathematics
410410 - of the physics. ref OF 8 0001
410412 - ..
410413 - Some materials are insulators that prevent or resist electrical flow,
410414 - and others are conductors that have minimal resistance. ref OF 8 OP58
410415 - On 960304 semiconductors gave rise to transistors, leading to
410416 - miniaturization of switches which makes transisters, microprocessors,
410417 - and related devices possible. ref SDS 9 U46H
410419 - ..
410420 - Electric charge arises from particle atoms to lose or gain electric
410421 - charge. ref OF 8 OJ7O In the 18th century, Charles Columb quaitified
410422 - electricity. Columb's law determined the force between electric
410423 - charges is inversely proportional to the distance of the charges
410424 - squared, and proportional to the product of the charges. This is
410425 - similar to the law of gravity. ref OF 8 OPVS
410427 - ..
410428 - Maxwell developed in the 1850s mathematical theory that unified
410429 - electric and magnetic phenomena. ref OF 8 ORWY
410431 - [On 041213 Maxwell's work preceeded Tesla in electrical engineering
410432 - leading to development of alternating current. ref SDS 39 W19K
Atomic Theory April 7 2004 Doctor James Schombert University of Oreg
520401 - ..
520402 - Atomic Theory
520404 - Lecture 05 on 040407 presents historical evolution of atomic theory
520405 - beginning with Heraclitus. ref OF 9 0001
520407 - [...lecture 16 presents elemental particles of atomic
520408 - structure. ref SDS 34 1F7I
520411 - ..
520412 - Thermodynamics 1st Law Conservation of Energy
520413 - 1st Law Thermodynamics Conservation of Energy
520414 - Conservation of Energy 1st Law of Thermodynamics
520417 - Schombert lecture continues...
520419 - The study of heat, work, temperature and energy that impacts
520420 - physical systems is called thermodynamics, ref OF 9 RSXS
520422 - ..
520423 - First law of thermodynamics is often called the law of the
520424 - conservation of energy (actually mass-energy) because it says, in
520425 - effect, that, when a system undergoes a process, the sum of all the
520426 - energy transferred across the system boundary--either as heat or as
520427 - work--is equal to the net change in the energy of the system.
520428 - ref OF 9 RSYX
520431 - ..
520432 - 2nd Law Thermodynamics Entropy All Processes Move to Disorder
520433 - Entropy Order Structure Decay into Complexity Chaos Randomness
520434 - Irreversability Time Continual Movement Order to Disorder Entropy
520436 - Second law of thermodynamics states that, in a closed system, the
520437 - entropy does not decrease. Cars rust, dead trees decay, buildings
520438 - collapse; all of these things are examples demonstrating entropy in
520439 - action, the spontaneous movement from order to disorder.
520440 - ref OF 9 0427
520442 - ..
520443 - Irreversibility of time, ref OF 9 NUQV, implies continual movement
520444 - from order to disorder, called entropy. ref OF 9 0427 Entropy
520445 - measures unpredectability of randomness and disorder when energy
520446 - dissipates as heat. Entropy can only increase in the positive
520447 - direction of time. In fact, the increase in entropy during a
520448 - process is a measure of the irreversiblity of that process.
520449 - ref OF 9 9Q6O
520451 - [On 040312 lecture 18 explaining impossibility of time travel
520452 - does not seem to mention irreversibility under the 2nd law.
520453 - ref SDS 34 KN9G
520455 - ..
520456 - Irreversability of time seems to drive the locality principle adding
520457 - energy that connects cause and effect in a continuous linear process,
520458 - presented in lecture #1. ref SDS 33 YH4G
520460 - ..
520461 - Failure of management systems is attributed to natural rise of entropy
520462 - over time, reviewed on 970707 0652. ref SDS 10 0108
520464 - [On 040312 2nd law measuring randomness when energy dissipates
520465 - heat sound similar to using spectroscopy technology to
520466 - determine atomic structure based on emission of heat.
520467 - ref SDS 34 685F
520469 - ..
520470 - [On 060601 NWO intelligence support "connect the dots" that
520471 - yield power of knowledge to control future, based on locality
520472 - principle under 2nd law of thermodynamics from irreversibility
520473 - of time. ref SDS 46 8X9J
520475 - ..
520476 - [On 060617 review Budiyono paper published 060602 "Dynamical
520477 - Foundation of Thermodynamical Behavior..." describes knowledge
520478 - as a mathematical proposition, ref SDS 47 K134, and extends
520479 - view that quantum mechanics reduce to classical mechanics at
520480 - the macro level with mathematical proof that locality,
520481 - uncertainty, the 2nd law, and gravity all derive from the
520482 - irreversibility of time, and so present a single law of nature.
520483 - ref SDS 47 K161
520485 - ..
520486 - [On 080606 1600 "life is a terminal disease" and so "we are not
520487 - going to get out of life alive," reflect 2nd law of
520488 - thermodynamics that entropy rises constantly. ref SDS 51 F15K
520490 - ..
520491 - An obvious question is how order is created for entropy to rise,
520492 - creating disorder?
520494 - ..
520495 - How were planets placed into orbit, spinning to create the sun rising
520496 - consistently (orderly, reliably) in the East, and tides rising and
520497 - falling twice a day, etc. Evolution seems like an example of negative
520498 - entropy, explained as an "open system" where energy is added by the
520499 - sun. ref SDS 0 JT9K, and seems to flow from an emergence principle of
520500 - nature based on irrational numbers that produce variants naturally.
520501 - ref SDS 0 PP56
520503 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary binary
520504 - forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution discussed in
520505 - lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of emergence,
520506 - ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from discorder under
520507 - complexity theory of rising entropy under the 2nd law,
520508 - ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur naturally in undecidable
520509 - mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520511 - ..
520512 - Schombert cites an ice cube melting into water illustrates the 2nd law
520513 - of thermodynamics that changes matter into energy, released as heat.
520514 - Order, structure, and consistent pattern of ice cubes yields the power
520515 - of knowledge for predicting cause and effect by controlling
520516 - connections from one ice cube to another. When order, structure, and
520517 - pattern dissipate through rising entropy, control devolves as ice
520518 - cubes change into water that moves randomly all directions. The power
520519 - of knowedge to predict cause and effect therefore falls toward zero,
520520 - unless energy is added to maintain structure with (in the simple case
520521 - of ice cubes, refrigeration).
520523 - ..
520524 - There is debate in physics, philosophy, biology, and religion on the
520525 - correlation of the 2nd law of thermodynamics and evolution. There is
520526 - also debate about the locality principle in quantum mechanics, which
520527 - seems related to the natural law (tendency) for order to degrade into
520528 - disorder, per below citing Einstein, von Neuman, Hermann, Bohm, Bell,
520529 - etc. ref SDS 33 RR9K Some disupte that entropy relates to order and
520530 - disorder, others make "order" the central focus for their analysis of
520531 - entropy. Some use disorder and complexity interchangeability, whereas
520532 - others use complexity as merely a decrease in entropy, and use chaos
520533 - to describe disorder and complexity.
520535 - Doctor Sam Vaknin says in part...
520537 - http://samvak.tripod.com/anthropy.html
520539 - ..
520540 - And it is wrong to think that order increases only in isolated
520541 - "pockets", in local regions of our universe.
520543 - ..
520544 - It is increasing everywhere, all the time, on all scales of
520545 - measurement. Therefore, we are forced to conclude that quantum
520546 - events are guided by some non-random principle (such as the
520547 - increase in order)....
520549 - http://samvak.tripod.com/deco.html
520551 - ..
520552 - This, exactly, is the case in biology. There is no reason in
520553 - principle why not to construct a life wavefunction which will
520554 - always collapse to the most order increasing event. If we were
520555 - to construct and apply this wave function to our world - we,
520556 - humans, would probably have found ourselves as one of the
520557 - events selected by its collapse.
520559 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
520560 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
520561 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of
520562 - emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
520563 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy under
520564 - the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur
520565 - naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520567 - ...another location says in part...
520569 - Energy and Order in Biological Systems
520571 - ..
520572 - Any system which is free of external influences [closed]
520573 - becomes more disordered with time. This disorder can be
520574 - expressed in terms of the quantity called entropy.
520576 - http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/seclaw2.html#c2
520578 - ..
520579 - The concept of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics
520580 - suggests that systems naturally progress from order to
520581 - disorder. If so, how do biological systems develop and maintain
520582 - such a high degree of order? Is this a violation of the second
520583 - law of thermodynamics?
520585 - http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/bioentropy.html
520587 - ..
520588 - Work is generally required to produce order out of disorder, so
520589 - energy must be used to produce a highly ordered state. An
520590 - example is turning a pile of rocks into a pyramid, or a pile of
520591 - bricks into a house.
520593 - ..
520594 - Life on earth produces order using energy from the sun.
520596 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
520597 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
520598 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of
520599 - emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
520600 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy under
520601 - the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur
520602 - naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520606 - ..
520607 - Management Degrades from Rising Entropy on the Job Due to Complexity
520609 - Complexity increases entroy, without adding energy to maintain order
520610 - "connecting the dots" of cause and effect, shown by case study...
520612 - USAFIT study complexity overwhelms
520613 - management........................... 970707, ref SDS 10 0108
520615 - ..
520616 - Engineer seeks tools to
520617 - manage complexity.................... 011003, ref SDS 21 EC5N,
520619 - ..
520620 - Aerospace company every project
520621 - gets fouled up....................... 011006, ref SDS 22 O99K
520623 - ..
520624 - Under the 2nd law of thermodynamics, ref SDS 0 566F, productivity
520625 - increases with order, and declines if disorder goes unchecked, per
520626 - analysis below. ref SDS 0 1D6I
520628 - ..
520629 - When front-end investment is not made to "work intelligently," nobody
520630 - expends energy to "connect the dots" of cause and effect. Without
520631 - knowledge of cause and effect, communication in meetings, calls, and
520632 - documents cannot control the work.
520634 - ..
520635 - [On 060905 people feel that organizing the work is hopeless
520636 - and beyond reach, which reduces effort to organize the work,
520637 - which makes success hopeless and beyond reach. ref SDS 48
520638 - 8451
520640 - ..
520641 - Order, structure, and pattern are hidden by the "fog of war," when
520642 - information comes too fast or people ignore requirements to "connect
520643 - the dots" of cause and effect, explained in NWO. ref OF 49 159O
520644 - Management is soon overwhelmed by incomprehensible complexity, i.e.
520645 - chaos, with impulsive, random decisions, actions, and results, because
520646 - the power of knowledge to predict the future devolves toward entropy,
520647 - noted by the USAFIT study, when information is not connected into
520648 - cause and effect with order, patterns, and structures of context,
520649 - reviewed on 890523, ref SDS 1 G14K, discussed above reviewing the
520650 - locality principle. ref SDS 33 YH4G People sometimes feel that
520651 - principles can be ignored; but, nobody can escape the irreversiblity
520652 - of time under the 2nd law of thermodynamics. ref SDS 0 566F Andy
520653 - Grove describes executives clutching at straws as the ship sinks,
520654 - reviewed on 980307. ref SDS 11 3416 People eventually discover that
520655 - the laws of nature do not ignore people.
520657 - ..
520658 - Complexity occurs when multiple forces impact multiple objectives in
520659 - multiple ways. Business and government fit this model of complex
520660 - interdependency. Typically no one individual or organization posseses
520661 - all of the knowledge required to successfully "manage" the full array
520662 - of dependencies. However, when enabling forces come into alignment,
520663 - individuals and organizations can "manage" a reduced set of
520664 - dependencies, at least until overwhelmed by rising entropy (i.e.,
520665 - disorder).
520667 - [On 060505 case study example scheduling meeting where purpose
520668 - is not known degrades productivity of complex organization.
520669 - ref SDS 45 P18O
520671 - ..
520672 - For example, manufacture and sale of a simple pencil is a highly
520673 - complex process, called marketing. Complex operations performed in an
520674 - orderly manner yield predictable results where spontaneous knowledge
520675 - from energy to "connect the dots" of cause and effect has been
520676 - previously expended through study and experience. Culture is the
520677 - primary mechanism for investing energy to preserve connections of
520678 - cause and effect in documents, and conveying this knowledge through
520679 - formal education across generations. Management adds order through
520680 - command and control to organize people with policies, procedures, and
520681 - tools that focus the power of knowledge into consistent patterns that
520682 - achieve predictable results.
520684 - ..
520685 - Evolution constructs complex organic, complementary structures, e.g.,
520686 - human beings, ref SDS 0 JT9K, driven by undecidable propositions in
520687 - mathematics, ref SDS 0 BN6O, demonstrate that variants occur
520688 - naturally, ref SDS 0 885J that drive emergent order. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520690 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary binary
520691 - forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution discussed in
520692 - lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of emergence,
520693 - ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from discorder under
520694 - complexity theory of rising entropy under the 2nd law,
520695 - ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur naturally in
520696 - undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520698 - ..
520699 - When events emerge that affect complex operations within experience,
520700 - for example a component fails or is added, an employee retires, supply
520701 - is disrupted, an assembly line goes down, interest rates rise, a new
520702 - product line is added, then the power of knowledge enables adjustment.
520704 - ..
520705 - When multiple events compound complexity, and when events occur
520706 - outside experience, then time becomes a critical factor in success.
520708 - ..
520709 - If there is not enough time for study, or if there is plenty time for
520710 - cognitive overhead, but front-end investment adding energy to "connect
520711 - the dots" of cause and effect is a lot of hard work that seems like
520712 - unnecessary overkill, because prior knowledge was adequate when
520713 - enabling forces were aligned, then understanding correlations,
520714 - implications, and nuance fails. Communications that previously drove
520715 - productivity now cause paralysis. Every call, meeting, and email sows
520716 - the seens of error as entropy follows an accelerating path according
520717 - to the 2nd law of thermodynamics, ref SDS 0 566F, and the locality
520718 - principle. ref SDS 33 YH4G Predictability fails in proportion to
520719 - complexity driving order to chaos.
520721 - [On 060505 case study example scheduling meeting where purpose
520722 - is not known degrades productivity of complex organization.
520723 - ref SDS 45 P18O
520725 - ..
520726 - Schombert lecture continues...
520728 - Classical or Newtonian physics is incomplete because it does not
520729 - include irreversible processes associated with the increase of
520730 - entropy. The entropy of the whole Universe always increased with
520731 - time. We are simply a local spot of low entropy and our destiny is
520732 - linked to the unstoppable increase of disorder in our world =>
520733 - stars will burn out, civilizations will die from lack of power.
520734 - ref OF 9 0489
520736 - ..
520737 - Review of "locality principle," above, seems related to 2nd law of
520738 - thermodynamics. Adding energy to maintain a building prevents decay,
520739 - and adding effort to maintain alignment avoids loss of understanding
520740 - so that communication and business systems do no degrade to entropy.
520741 - ref SDS 33 YH4G
520743 - [On 060505 case study example scheduling meeting where purpose
520744 - is not known degrades productivity of complex organization.
520745 - ref SDS 45 P18O
520747 - ..
520748 - Research on the Internet found...
520750 - http://www.fortunecity.com/emachines/e11/86/entropy.html
520752 - Arthur Eddington describes 2nd law of
520753 - thermodynamics...
520755 - supreme law of Nature
520757 - ..
520758 - Rudolf Clausius introduced the concept of entropy in
520759 - 1850.
520761 - entropy is a thermodynamic "potential"
520763 - ..
520764 - Self-organization and bifuration are theorized to occur in chaos
520765 - that causes new order to emerge, which then begins to decay under
520766 - the 2nd law, except evolution seems to increase the order of the
520767 - system, rather than increase entropy.
520769 - ..
520770 - Question: what is the source of order?
520772 - If movement is inherently toward disorder, how does order get
520773 - renewed, so that the march toward entropy and disorder continues?
520775 - Evolution toward complex, orderly systems seems opposed to the
520776 - theory of rising entropy, i.e., disorder? ref SDS 0 JT9K
520778 - ..
520779 - Possibly, the theory of complexity, chaos, and randomness,
520780 - ref SDS 0 1Q6O, occassionaly construct systems that launch a path
520781 - of evolution, i.e., evolving complex causal connections, like life.
520783 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary binary
520784 - forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution discussed in
520785 - lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of emergence,
520786 - ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from discorder under
520787 - complexity theory of rising entropy under the 2nd law,
520788 - ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur naturally in
520789 - undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
520791 - ..
520792 - [On 040527 letter cites requirement to expend effort on making
520793 - connections that makes communication effective; cites locality
520794 - principle reviewed here, explaining that without adding energy
520795 - to make the connections, communication and understanding
520796 - degrade to entropy. ref SDS 36 016J
520798 - ..
520799 - Evolution and 2nd Law Thermodymanics seems to be a talking point with
520800 - the creationist, intelligent design folks presented in an article by
520801 - Henry Morris published in Impact in March 1985. ref OF 39 0001
520803 - ..
520804 - Entropy evolution debate from the science perspective on this issue is
520805 - presented in a paper by Craig Rusbult, PhD....
520807 - http://www.asa3.org/asa/education/origins/thermo.htm
520809 - An Introduction to Entropy and Evolution
520813 - ..
520814 - Time Irreversable Macroscopic World Reversable Microscopic Scale
520816 - Follow up ref SDS 33 KO6J.
520818 - The microscopic world is time reversible, the macroscopic world is
520819 - not. ref OF 9 NUQV
520821 - ..
520822 - Why do we perceive time as always moving forward? Why are our
520823 - memories always of the past and never of the future? All the
520824 - fundamental Newtonian laws are time reversible. Collisions look
520825 - the same forwards or backwards. A box of gas molecules obeying
520826 - Newton's laws perfectly does not have an inbuilt arrow of time.
520827 - However, it is possible to show that the continual random molecular
520828 - motions will cause the entire ensemble to visit and revisit every
520829 - possible state of the box, much like the continual shuffling of a
520830 - deck of cards will eventually reproduce any sequence. ref OF 9 NUQV
520832 - ..
520833 - Thermodynamical events, such as a growing tree, are not reversible.
520834 - Cracked eggs do not repair themselves. Defined by these events,
520835 - time has an arrow, a preferred direction. ref OF 9 0583
520837 - ..
520838 - Entropy and the arrow of time are strongly linked. Increasing
520839 - entropy is in the direction of positive time. However, a study of
520840 - the components to systems shows that the parts are describable in
520841 - terms of time-symmetric laws. In other words, the microscopic
520842 - world is ruled by time-symmetric laws, but the macroscopic world
520843 - has a particular direction. ref OF 9 D45N
Special Relativity April 9 2004 Doctor James Schombert University of
570401 - ..
570402 - Special Relativity Energy = Mass * Speed Light Squared
570404 - Follow up ref SDS 33 5I4H.
570406 - Lecture 06 on 040409 presents Einstein's theory of relativity and
570407 - deals with Newtonian physics when velocity is near the speed of light.
570408 - ref OF 10 0001
570410 - ..
570411 - Einstein's theory of relativity deals with Newtonian physics when
570412 - energies or velocities are near the speed of light. Relativity is
570413 - usually thought of as modern physics since it was developed at the
570414 - start of the 20th century and could only be tested in the realm
570415 - available to scientists by high technology. However, relativity
570416 - primarily completes the revolution that Newton started and is also
570417 - highly deterministic as is much of classical physics. ref OF 10
570418 - NR5H
570420 - ..
570421 - Energy = mass x speed of light squared, ref OF 10 7SPU
General Relativity April 12 2004 Doctor James Schombert University o
620401 - ..
620402 - General Relativity Space Time Mass Gravity Black Holes
620404 - Follow up ref SDS 33 TU6I.
620406 - Lecture 07 on 040412 geleral relatively unifies space, time, mass and
620407 - energy. ref OF 11 0001
620409 - The equivalence principle is a fundamental law of physics that
620410 - states that gravitational and inertial forces are of a similar
620411 - nature and often indistinguishable. ref OF 11 OPXP
620413 - ..
620414 - Gravity bends light. ref OF 11 M105
620416 - ..
620417 - General relativity poses that gravitation is a geometric
620418 - consequence of spacetime. ref OF 11 W230
620420 - ..
620421 - Gravity in general relativity describes curved spacetime. The
620422 - idea that spacetime is distorted by motion, as in special
620423 - relativity, is extended to gravity by the equivalence principle.
620424 - Gravity comes from matter, so the presence of matter causes
620425 - distortions or warps in spacetime. Matter tells spacetime how
620426 - to curve, and spacetime tells matter how to move (orbits).
620427 - ref OF 11 YRSX
620429 - ..
620430 - General relativity predicts time dilation in a gravity field,
620431 - i.e., gravity slows time. ref OF 11 I293
620433 - ..
620434 - At low speeds and weak gravitational fields, general and special
620435 - relativity reduce to Newtonian physics, i.e. everyday
620436 - experience. ref OF 11 SZ4F
620438 - ..
620439 - Black hole occurs when mass increases gravity that requires
620440 - velocity beyond the speed of light to escape. ref OF 11 O14M
620442 - ..
620443 - Note that a black hole is the ultimate entropy sink since all
620444 - information or objects that enter a black hole never return. If
620445 - an observer entered a black hole to look for the missing
620446 - information, he/she would be unable to communicate their
620447 - findings outside the event horizon. ref OF 11 PTUU
Complexity Theory Chaos April 14 2004 Doctor James Schombert Univers
A30401 - ..
A30402 - Mathematics Random Numbers Generate Non-repetitive Sequence Creativity
A30403 - Complexity Chaos Randomness Irreversibility Logic Based on Faith
A30405 - Follow up ref SDS 33 1F5M.
A30407 - Lecture 08 on 040414 complexity chaos and randomness reflect the
A30408 - paradox of logic based on faith. ref OF 12 0001
A30410 - Turing searched for a mathematical `machine', a device that could
A30411 - determine the truth of mathematical statements without human
A30412 - involvement by following a deterministic sequence of instructions.
A30413 - A mechanism that would settle the truth or falsity of every
A30414 - possible statement about numbers (and hence Nature) that could be
A30415 - made. ref OF 12 PPVQ
A30417 - ..
A30418 - Turing discovered uncomputable numbers, suggesting undecidable
A30419 - mathematical propositions. ref OF 12 NPYV
A30421 - [...undecidable propositions from uncomputable numbers may
A30422 - drive randomness and uncertainty in the universe,
A30423 - ref SDS 0 9L7G, leading to variation in the biology of
A30424 - evolution. ref SDS 0 ME9N
A30426 - ..
A30427 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
A30428 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
A30429 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of
A30430 - emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
A30431 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy under
A30432 - the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur
A30433 - naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
A30435 - ..
A30436 - Paradox
A30438 - The common element to a paradox is that things follow a
A30439 - reductionist system, a set of rules or recipes. This leads us
A30440 - to form expectations about events of the worlds and when the
A30441 - end result of these rules do not match our expectations, then
A30442 - there is a sense of surprise. ref OF 12 EO5M
A30444 - ..
A30445 - Liar's paradox...
A30447 - Ancient philosopher Epimenides proposed Socrates says...
A30448 - single statement...
A30450 - `What Plato says is false'.
A30452 - ..
A30453 - Similarly, Plato says...
A30455 - `What Socrates says must be true'.
A30457 - ..
A30458 - The combination of these two statements immediately leads to
A30459 - the conclusion that what Socrates says must be both true and
A30460 - false at the same time, a contradiction. ref OF 12 OH3L
A30462 - ..
A30463 - Incompleteness - Kurt Godel demonstrated mathematical statements
A30464 - that are not decidable. ref OF 12 PRWT
A30466 - ..
A30467 - Faith is the foundation of logical systems, like science, that
A30468 - contain statements which can never be proven true, and so have a
A30469 - Platonic existence. ref OF 12 KV6H
A30471 - ..
A30472 - Faith is also the foundation of most human action, and such faith is
A30473 - mostly based on experience, i.e., been there, done that.
A30475 - ..
A30476 - Schombert lecture continues...
A30478 - Randomness and uncertainty are built into the Universe due to the
A30479 - restrictions of logic itself, as soon as systems become complex
A30480 - enough to engage in self-reference. ref OF 12 8STP
A30482 - ..
A30483 - Complex systems are not truly random; changes are so sensitive to
A30484 - initial conditions, that predicting results is impossible without
A30485 - infinite knowledge of all the motions and energy (i.e. a butterfly
A30486 - in South America influences storms in the North Atlantic).
A30487 - ref OF 12 PSYV
A30489 - ..
A30490 - Randomness and uncertainty seem to flow from uncomputable numbers that
A30491 - yield undecidable mathematical propositions. ref SDS 0 BN6O
A30493 - [...evolution that creates variants may be driven by
A30494 - randomness of uncomputable numbers which do not repeat.
A30495 - ref SDS 0 ME9N
A30497 - ..
A30498 - [...uncertainty principle lecture 14 presents randomness
A30499 - from indeterminacy, unpredictability of Nature. ref SDS 34
A30500 - MN3J
A30502 - ..
A30503 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
A30504 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
A30505 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle
A30506 - of emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
A30507 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy
A30508 - under the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants
A30509 - occur naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34
A30510 - GT6L
A30512 - ..
A30513 - Schombert lecture continues...
A30515 - Success of simple principles and mathematical rules in explaining
A30516 - large parts of Nature is not something obvious from our everyday
A30517 - experience. On casual inspection, Nature seems extremely complex
A30518 - and random. There are few natural phenomenon which display the
A30519 - precise sort of regularity that might hint of an underlying order.
A30520 - Where trends and rhythms are apparent, they are usually of an
A30521 - approximate and qualitative form. How are we to reconcile these
A30522 - seemingly random acts with the supposed underlying lawfulness of
A30523 - the Universe? ref OF 12 PUWX
A30525 - ..
A30526 - Schombert should clarify this part of the lecture. People are aware
A30527 - of regularity over millions of years illustrated by consistant
A30528 - movement of planets that regularizes days, months years, seasons,
A30529 - tides.
A30531 - ..
A30532 - Schombert lecture continues...
A30534 - Chaos lacks predictability; error grows faster than ability to
A30535 - measure with precision. ref OF 12 PTXV
A30537 - ..
A30538 - Chaos is called non-linear behavior. ref OF 12 DF3M
A30543 - ..
A30544 - Complexity seems to have several meanings....
A30545 - Creativity Connect Dots Power of Knowledge Strengthen Organization
A30546 - Creativity Management Fails Chaos Explodes Yielding New Organization
A30548 - Schombert's lecture on complexity, ref SDS 0 1Q6O, yields helpful
A30549 - ideas...
A30551 - 1. Complexity relates to order, structure, and pattern that
A30552 - influence predictibality, ref SDS 33 RP6K, variation, rate
A30553 - of change, and ability to comprehend in time to influence
A30554 - results.
A30556 - ..
A30557 - Two elements are more complex than 1, 4 is more complex
A30558 - than 2, 10 is more complex than 4....
A30560 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
A30561 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
A30562 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle
A30563 - of emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
A30564 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy in
A30565 - the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur
A30566 - naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
A30568 - ..
A30569 - [On 040312 grand unified theory (GUTS) of elemental
A30570 - particles and fundamental forces, ref SDS 35 8UST, and a
A30571 - theory of everything (TOE) to explain gravity and curved
A30572 - space-time was discussed in lecture 17 for cosmology to
A30573 - understand how order emerged from complexity when the
A30574 - "big bang" launched the universe. ref SDS 35 E14H The
A30575 - anthropic principle strive understand complexity of the
A30576 - universe that yields the highest order of structure in
A30577 - the universe that requires many finely-tuned constants
A30578 - for human life and intelligence to emerge with the power
A30579 - to "understand" and change the course of events with
A30580 - "free will."
A30582 - ..
A30583 - 2. Complexity improves management and increases productivity
A30584 - through discovering innovation from recognizing patterns
A30585 - and adding energy for "creativity" that creates or imposes
A30586 - order, structure, and pattern, which is otherwise
A30587 - constantly devolving toward entropy under the 2nd law of
A30588 - thermodynamics, per above. ref SDS 0 566F Complex high
A30589 - rise buildings are very productive while connections are
A30590 - maintained. When maintenance lapses, decay reduces
A30591 - production toward zero, see examples listed above.
A30592 - ref SDS 0 XW4O
A30594 - [On 061020 example from medical management. ref SDS 49
A30595 - MO4K
A30597 - ..
A30598 - POIMS specifies chronology, context, and connection,
A30599 - ref OF 46 8555, with relational and hierarchial order,
A30600 - structure, and patterns of organic context, further
A30601 - explained on 890523, ref SDS 1 XT6O SDS leverages energy
A30602 - connecting cause and effect that yields the power of
A30603 - knowledge for predicting the future under the locality
A30604 - principle, ref SDS 33 YH4G. Command and control of the
A30605 - future augments vision to expand creativity, and leverages
A30606 - energy to increase productivity.
A30608 - ..
A30609 - A human being is very complex, but functions effectively in
A30610 - a larger complex world using intelligence to apply
A30611 - knowledge of cause and effect from memory of experience
A30612 - related to situational awareness, see NWO. ref OF 52 08XX
A30613 - Similarly, the law of gravity is exploited creatively to
A30614 - construct complex canals that irrigate crops, and spinning
A30615 - wheels to grind grain into flower for food, or spin saws to
A30616 - cut lumber for homes, or construct complex buildings where
A30617 - people collaborate in complex organizations on complex
A30618 - tasks in complex ways. Simple electrical charge improves
A30619 - productivity of people in complex buildings when connected
A30620 - into very large scale integrated (VLSI) and complex
A30621 - circuits that connect complex data with complex algorithms.
A30623 - ..
A30624 - Creativity extends complexity, evolving from the Wright
A30625 - Brothers's initial design in 1903 to the B24 planes of
A30626 - WWII, the Boeing 747, and the Space Shuttle of today.
A30628 - ..
A30629 - Complementarity applying the "plan, perform, report"
A30630 - integrated SDS cycle, reviewed on 890523, ref SDS 1 LV59,
A30631 - supports a conscious discipline ("scientific method") that
A30632 - leverages subconscious intelligence mechanics for
A30633 - converting information into the power of knowledge, see
A30634 - POIMS, ref OF 13 0367, as a routine exercise that produces
A30635 - a continuing resource, like an encyclopedia of personal and
A30636 - organizational memory, see POIMS. ref OF 16 6649
A30637 - Complementarity of 7 elements of SDS flexible strucutre
A30638 - appled through writing with chronology, context, and
A30639 - connection make efficiencies of electronic records
A30640 - management in the paperless office model productive, also,
A30641 - reviewed on 890523. ref SDS 1 UP9S
A30643 - ..
A30644 - 3. Complexity in business and government without order,
A30645 - structure, and pattern, ref SDS 0 KH6F, releases energy
A30646 - through negative synergy that expands small errors into
A30647 - chaos, conflict, crisis, and calamity. ref SDS 0 HQ5S
A30648 - POIMS explains requirements for command and control to
A30649 - maintain a well ordered record. ref OF 47 1113
A30651 - [On 061020 example from medical management. ref SDS 49
A30652 - MO4K
A30654 - ..
A30655 - [On 070105 doctor frustrated that multiple issues are
A30656 - hard to manage; describes focusing on immediate problems
A30657 - rather than spending time on issues that are irrelevant
A30658 - to the current context. ref SDS 50 794K
A30660 - ..
A30661 - [On 090529 1751 another example health care doctors
A30662 - confused by complex documentation not maintained in a
A30663 - "well ordered" record. ref SDS 52 C25M
A30665 - ..
A30666 - The power of knowledge that makes complexity productive,
A30667 - per above, ref SDS 0 5P9I, dissipates without connections
A30668 - that predict the future. When time and energy are not
A30669 - added to "connect the dots" of cause and effect into a well
A30670 - ordered record, complexity overwhelms span of attention.
A30671 - Comprehension collapses into confusion, i.e., the "fog of
A30672 - war." The irreversibility of time degrades management
A30673 - understanding essential for command and control toward
A30674 - entropy, per above, under the 2nd law of thermodynamics,
A30675 - noted by Schombert. ref SDS 0 566F For example, complex
A30676 - order, structure, and pattern are destroyed instantly in an
A30677 - explosion with particles flung randomly in all directions.
A30678 - Non-linear, unpredictable behavior of chaos, cited by
A30679 - Schombert, ref SDS 0 IH6G, dramatically increases entropy
A30680 - changing complexity of people, buildings, and space
A30681 - shuttles into the simplicity of dust. This turns valuable
A30682 - assets into crushing liabilities.
A30684 - ..
A30685 - 4. Creativity emerges from chaos by adding energy to make new
A30686 - connections of causality assembling dust into new forms
A30687 - that may vary dramatically from original complexity. Chaos
A30688 - is usually avoided because destroying investment in
A30689 - existing complexity presents overwhelmingly complex
A30690 - consequences that require more than a lifetime for
A30691 - evolution to recover prior advantage that leverages human
A30692 - capabilities, per point 2. ref SDS 0 5P9I
A30694 - ..
A30695 - 5. Evolution constructs variants, perhaps due to "emergence,"
A30696 - presented in the lecture on quantum mechanics, ref SDS 34
A30697 - GT6L, from imperfections of mathematics, cited above,
A30698 - ref SDS 0 BN6O, and which, over time, create more complex
A30699 - organic structures, i.e., through natural selection of
A30700 - variation that accomodates and thrives on evolving
A30701 - conditions. Entropy decreases locally, because things get
A30702 - bigger and better. Order, structure, and pattern of
A30703 - complexity are comprehensible, and predictable with study.
A30705 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
A30706 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
A30707 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle
A30708 - of emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
A30709 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy
A30710 - under the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants
A30711 - occur naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34
A30712 - GT6L
A30714 - ..
A30715 - Time is a critical factor in evolution creating new and
A30716 - constructive complexity with increased order. Tesla ran
A30717 - out of time before his creations were rewarded, reported in
A30718 - NWO. ref OF 54 OE8L
A30720 - ..
A30721 - 6. Complexity increases sensitivity to small, hard to
A30722 - recognize changes, ref SDS 0 XM3G, that evolve naturally in
A30723 - the order, structure, and pattern of existence. ref SDS 0
A30724 - 885J Order connecting cause and effect forms an organic
A30725 - structure of context. Complexity leverages the power of
A30726 - knowledge from energy connecting cause and effect that
A30727 - enables people to reliably predict the future based on
A30728 - situational awareness of context. However, when
A30729 - connections are not created, then benefits of complexity
A30730 - quickly degrade, as entropy rises, under 2nd law of
A30731 - thermodynamics, discussed above. ref SDS 0 XW4O For
A30732 - example, if the power of knowedge using a key to start a
A30733 - car is not applied, then the car becomes useful only for
A30734 - shade. If email is not read, or is read but not applied in
A30735 - the work for taking action, then disconnected information
A30736 - piles up, reported by Bill Gates on 021108, ref SDS 25
A30737 - EF5I, and management degrades toward entropy, reported by
A30738 - USAFIT in a study reviewed on 970707. ref SDS 10 0108
A30740 - [On 060408 report that hundreds of email not read by
A30741 - individuals everyday. ref SDS 42 6O6O
A30743 - ..
A30744 - [On 060505 case study example scheduling meeting where
A30745 - purpose is not known degrades productivity of complex
A30746 - organization. ref SDS 45 P18O
A30748 - ..
A30749 - 7. Entropy naturally decays complexity without energy added
A30750 - to connect cause and effect order, structure, pattern, and
A30751 - predictability degrade into chaos.
A30753 - ..
A30754 - Before total failure of chaos arrives people get frustrated
A30755 - by daily problems when small inconsequential variants
A30756 - arise. Variation in alignment with requirements of complex
A30757 - systems can occur in policy, procedure, professional
A30758 - practice, law, standards, supply of raw materials,
A30759 - measurement cutting a 2 x 4, filling a cup, setting
A30760 - temperature too low, or too high, misjudging distance to a
A30761 - moving vehicle, skills of an employee, the list is endless.
A30762 - Complexity overwhelms limits of human span of attention.
A30763 - People cannot find cause and effect to create connections
A30764 - that restore command and control of the work by creating
A30765 - predictability. Complexity hides critical details that
A30766 - vary from order, structure, and pattern in the same way
A30767 - that a needle is hard to find in a haystack. As in nature,
A30768 - some small problems take root and are nurtured by local
A30769 - conditions. They grow into conflict, crisis, calamity with
A30770 - loss of life, time, and money.
A30772 - ..
A30773 - 8. Complexity is managed by standards requiring traceability
A30774 - to original sources, adding energy to make connections of
A30775 - cause and effect, reviewed on 950721. ref SDS 6 1740 These
A30776 - requirements decrease entropy by maintaining order,
A30777 - structure, and pattern that drive productivity and
A30778 - creativity. Modern organizations are too complex to
A30779 - remember connections of cause and effect. Daily work in
A30780 - meetings, calls, and email overwhelms human span of
A30781 - attention, reported on 990303, ref SDS 13 5328, allowing
A30782 - entropy to degrade performance. Alphabet technology
A30783 - evolved to leverage innate intelligence for making
A30784 - connections, by writing things down. The density of
A30785 - information from faster technology in a highly complex
A30786 - organization creates cursory analysis. People cannot find
A30787 - critical details and connect cause and effect in time to
A30788 - create the power of knowledge. Bill Gates reported on
A30789 - 021108 that useless information is piling up on computers.
A30790 - ref SDS 25 EF5I Without the power of knowledge, creativity
A30791 - falls and productivity is paralized, noted by Eric
A30792 - Armstrong on 011003, ref SDS 21 EC5N, and by Gary Johnson a
A30793 - few days later on 011006. ref SDS 22 O99K Entropy
A30794 - increases randomness and disorder toward chaos. Without
A30795 - order, predictability collapses, noted by Morris Jones on
A30796 - 921127, explaining that small inconsequential details
A30797 - explode into major crisis. ref SDS 2 0674
A30799 - [On 060408 report that hundreds of email not read by
A30800 - individuals everyday. ref SDS 42 6O6O
A30802 - ..
A30803 - [On 060505 case study example scheduling meeting where
A30804 - purpose is not known degrades productivity of complex
A30805 - organization. ref SDS 45 P18O
A30807 - ..
A30808 - NASA loss of space shuttle Columbia reported on 030202.
A30809 - ref SDS 27 I38K, illustrates how a critical mass of
A30810 - problems explode into tragedy, loss, calamity and chaos.
A30811 - On 30826 the Chief Administrator testified that
A30812 - requirements for good management are ignored as
A30813 - "suggestions" when people are unable to "connect the dots"
A30814 - in time with tools and procedures approved for use.
A30815 - ref SDS 30 8K4G
A30817 - ..
A30818 - New World Order... presents new realities that require tools for POIMS
A30819 - technology that empower people to "connect the dots" that yield
A30820 - creativity from the power of knowledge, per analysis of locality
A30821 - principle above. ref SDS 33 IT3H
A30823 - ..
A30824 - When complexity explodes into component parts, new order, structures,
A30825 - and patterns form and this can create useful organization, where
A30826 - energy is added to connect cause and effect that yields the power of
A30827 - knowledge under the locality principle.
A30829 - ..
A30830 - Schombert lecture continues...
A30832 - ..
A30833 - Creativity is associated with chaos of complicated behavior that
A30834 - enables genuinely new arrangements. ref OF 12 DUQQ
A30836 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary
A30837 - binary forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution
A30838 - discussed in lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle
A30839 - of emergence, ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from
A30840 - discorder under complexity theory of rising entropy
A30841 - under the 2nd law, ref SDS 0 566F, because variants
A30842 - occur naturally in undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34
A30843 - GT6L
A30845 - ..
A30846 - Writing is generally considered a highly creative craft, like
A30847 - painting and sculpture.
A30849 - ..
A30850 - Writing applies mechanistic, Netwonian, linear, reductionist thinking
A30851 - to craft creative, novel ideas.
A30853 - ..
A30854 - Words in a dictionary are in some sense "chaos," without order or
A30855 - structure. Creativity is placing the words in a structure to form
A30856 - patterns that have meaning to people's lives, per review of alphabet
A30857 - technology, above. ref SDS 33 FQ4N
A30859 - ..
A30860 - Schombert's lecture continues...
A30862 - There is an image with narrative, ref OF 12 HD4N, that says...
A30864 - Linear or deterministic system has conditions that lead to
A30865 - unique future states with similar trajectories.
A30867 - ..
A30868 - Chaotic non-linear systems lead to unique future states but
A30869 - trajectories are not similar.
A30871 - ..
A30872 - Error in chaos grows exponentially producing randomness.
A30873 - ref OF 12 PUSY
A30875 - ..
A30876 - Chaos and incompleteness make the world rich in truth and
A30877 - creativity because of their existence. Whatever real-world truths
A30878 - might exist, the overwhelming majority of them cannot be the
A30879 - counterparts of theorems in a formal logical system. The gap
A30880 - between proof and truth can be narrowed, but never closed.
A30882 - ..
A30883 - This seems to reflect Peirce's observation that accuracy of knowledge
A30884 - is continually refined by experience, reviewed on 000515. ref SDS 16
A30885 - 7380
Evolution April 16 2004 Doctor James Schombert University of Oregon
AB0401 - ..
AB0402 - Binary Structure Existence Emergence Entropy Fluctuate with Energy
AB0403 - Evolution Biology Phenotype Gene Pool Changes Natural Selection Time
AB0405 - Follow up ref SDS 33 JT9K.
AB0407 - Lecture 09 on 040416 presents core theory of biology that hereditary
AB0408 - gene pool evolves through natural selection over time for the
AB0409 - phenotype of a species. ref OF 13 0001
AB0411 - The process of evolution can be summarized in three sentences:
AB0412 - Genes mutate. Individuals are selected. Populations evolve.
AB0413 - ref OF 13 JPYS
AB0415 - ..
AB0416 - Evolution has 5 components. ref OF 13 BQUX ....
AB0418 - 1. nonconstancy of species (individuals are unique)
AB0419 - 2. all organisms descend from common ancestors
AB0420 - 3. gradualness of evolution
AB0421 - 4. diversity - multiplication of species
AB0422 - 5. natural selection
AB0424 - ..
AB0425 - Variants arise continually, and those that randomly possess traits
AB0426 - suited to evolving physical conditions survive, and begin to
AB0427 - dominate the species. Continual selection through variant survival
AB0428 - modifies a species over time. ref OF 13 PQWV
AB0430 - ..
AB0431 - Cancer seems to follow the laws of variation in evolution that
AB0432 - eventually mutates into forms that resist treatment, reviewed on
AB0433 - 030606. ref SDS 28 N27L
AB0435 - ..
AB0436 - Entropy devolves organization into disorder presented in lecture 5 on
AB0437 - the 2nd law of thermodynamics, ref SDS 0 566F; but, for some reason,
AB0438 - entropy is not mentioned in lecture 9 on evolution that extends
AB0439 - complexity of organization, and is part of the debate on science and
AB0440 - religion centered on evolution, per above. ref SDS 0 I56I
AB0442 - ..
AB0443 - "Complexity" does not occur in Schombert's lecture on evolution, when
AB0444 - it appears that emergence constantly creates new, more complex forms
AB0445 - of life, and in conflict with the 2nd law of thermodynamics that says
AB0446 - disorder is the overriding principle of the universe. How though does
AB0447 - entropy rise if there is no complementary force constructing
AB0448 - complexity to decrease entropy? ref SDS 0 566F
AB0450 - ..
AB0451 - [On 040312 Schombert lecture 15 presents complementary binary
AB0452 - forces, ref SDS 34 O69O; biological evolution discussed in
AB0453 - lecture 9, ref SDS 0 JT9K, fits principle of emergence,
AB0454 - ref SDS 34 GU30, that evolves order from disorder under
AB0455 - complexity theory of rising entropy under the 2nd law,
AB0456 - ref SDS 0 566F, because variants occur naturally in
AB0457 - undecidable mathematics. ref SDS 34 GT6L
AB0459 - ..
AB0460 - Evolution lecture 9 does not mention the role of enabling forces that
AB0461 - cause "quantum leaps" in changing order, structure, and pattern of
AB0462 - complexity, which seems implied in Schombert's initial lecture on
AB0463 - models, theories and paradigms discussing Thomas Kuhn's ideas.
AB0464 - ref SDS 33 HH3M
AB0466 - ..
AB0467 - Emergence seems like the driving force evolving complex structures, as
AB0468 - related in the lecture 15 on 040502. ref SDS 34 486I
AB0470 - ..
AB0471 - Variants may arise from mathematics that demonstrate randomness is a
AB0472 - characteristic of the universe, per lecture 08, ref SDS 0 BN6O, and
AB0473 - this creates new forms and processes that construct complex order,
AB0474 - i.e., decrease entropy. ref SDS 0 566F
AB0476 - ..
AB0477 - Schombert's lecture continues...
AB0479 - Natural selection is the only mechanism of adaptive evolution; it
AB0480 - is defined as reproductive success of classes of genetic variants
AB0481 - in the gene pool. ref OF 13 DO5L
AB0483 - ..
AB0484 - Malthus shows that organisms produce more offspring than can
AB0485 - survive. Populations grow faster than food supply = struggle and
AB0486 - competition for existence. ref OF 13 KQQR
AB0488 - ..
AB0489 - Human evolution began to branch from hominids about 20m years ago.
AB0490 - ref OF 13 DRVY About 12m years ago the earth began to cool,
AB0491 - leading to the ice age about 1m years ago. At that time, a
AB0492 - tree-dwelling primate developed. ref OF 13 PRYQ
AB0494 - ..
AB0495 - Upright walking responded to environmental changes. In East Africa
AB0496 - the rainforest was turning into steppes and grasslands due to
AB0497 - global cooling. Reduced habitat drove 2/3's of the ape species
AB0498 - into extinction. Some primates developed arboreal lifestyles and
AB0499 - became the gibbon lineage. Others, developed an upright stance, as
AB0500 - a survival characteristic to see over tall grasses, and spent more
AB0501 - time on the ground. About 3.5 million years ago, our first direct
AB0502 - ancestor appeared, Australopithecus africanus. ref OF 13 DRYX
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