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DIARY: March 12, 2004 08:11 AM Friday;
21st century science cosmology symmetry barryogensis anthropic principle.
2...Scientific Method Supported by Lectures on 21st Century Science
3...Trilogy 21st-Century-Science Macro Micro Cosmology Schombert Lectures
4...Schombert Lectures Trilogy Macro Micro Cosmology 21st Century Science
5...Theory of Everything Quantum Electrodynamics Charged Particles Light
6...Physics Attempts Synthesis into Theory of Everything Unification
....Hawking Radiation Black Holes Convert Energy into Matter
....Black Holes Accelerate Spacetime Curvature Mass Energy Loss
....Quantum Mechanics Determinations Fails Near Black Holes
....Determinism Declines Near Black Holes High Energy Collisions
....Symmetry Energy Converted into Mass Source of Emergence
....Does God Play Dice - Unpredictability Leads to Emergence
....Emergence Unpredictability Evolution Universe Source of Life?
7...Standard Model Step Toward Grand Unified Theory
8...Gravity Eludes Attempts for Unified Field Theory
9...Grand Unified Theory (GUTS) Elemental Forces Gravity Hard to Unify
10...Unified Field Theory Framework Elemental Particles Fundamental Forces
11...Theory of Everything (TOE) Expands GTIS Should Predict Higgs Particle
12...Supergravity Brane Theory Unite Particles Multi-dimensional Spacetime
13...Time Travel Universe 4 Dimensional
14...Religious Theories Creation Theism Deism Holism Cosmological
15...Cosmological Theories Creation Theism Deism Holism Religious
16...Creation Theism Deism Holism Cosmological Religious Theories
17...Holism Deism Theism Cosmological Religious Theories of Creation
18...Expanding Universe Conflicts with Gravitational Forces of Collapse
19...Dynamics of the Universe
20...Dark Matter Dark Energy
21...Birth of Universe Study Unification of Gravity Electrical Nuclear
22...Unification Forces of Gravity Electrical Nuclear Birth of Universe
23...Symmetry Binary Structure Core Force of Cosmology Birth of Universe
24...Causal Effect Binary Structure Symmetry Foundational Order in Universe
25...Binary Structure Symmetry Forces Order of Causation in the Universe
26...Inflation Symmetry Binary Universe Homogenous Causally Connected
27...Baryogenesis Forms Structure of Universe under Grand Unified Theory
28...Grand Unified Theory (GUT) of Universe Baryogensis forms Structure
29...Structure of Universe Baryogensis Grand Unified Theory (GUT)
30...Emergence Structure of Universe Forms under Theory of Baryogensis
31...14 Billion Years to Origin of Universe
32...Cosmic Microwave Background CMB Indicates Universe Started by Big Bang
33...Big Bang Theory Cosmology Origin Universe Supported by Discovery CMB
34...Anthropic Principle Creation Universe Constants Yield Intelligence
35...Biology Evolution Holism and Networking Unique Processes in Universe
36...Life Unique to Earth in Universe Anthropic Principle Begs the Question
37...Tautology Anthropic Circular Reasoning We Exist to Ask Questions
38...Begs the Question Tautaulogy Circular Reasoning Criticizes Anthropy
39...Circular Reasoning Tautaulogy Anthropic Principle Begs the Question
40...Symmetry Breaking Pressures During Big Bang Expanded Spacetime
....Earth Crust Formed 4 Billion Years Old Life Began About Same Time
....Life Defies Laws of Nature Positive Complexity Adapatability
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0201 - University of Oregon O-00000858 0706
020101 - Mr. James Schombert, PhD; Director and Professor
020103 - Physics Department O-00000858 0706
020104 - General Sciences Program O-00000858 0706
21st Century Science Course Lectures Philosophy of Science March 29
0803 - ..
0804 - Summary/Objective
080501 - Follow up ref SDS 23 0000. ref SDS 20 0000.
080508 - ..
0808 - Progress
080901 - Scientific Method Supported by Lectures on 21st Century Science
080902 - Trilogy 21st-Century-Science Macro Micro Cosmology Schombert Lectures
080903 - Schombert Lectures Trilogy Macro Micro Cosmology 21st Century Science
080905 - Follow up ref SDS 0 YH5H, ref SDS 20 YH5H.
080907 - ..
080908 - Index lists all 29 lectures. ref OF 1 0001
080910 - ..
080911 - Review of lectures on 21st century science in following records....
080913 - 1. Newtonian physics laws of motion
080914 - gravity explains structure order
080915 - locality principle adding
080916 - energy to connect cause and
080917 - effect yields power of knowledge
080918 - to predict the future...................... ref SDS 20 0001
080920 - ..
080921 - 2. Electrical force, nuclear power
080922 - complement gravity laws of motion;
080923 - thermodynamics laws of nature
080924 - conservation of energy, irreversibility
080925 - of time rising entropy increases
080926 - disorder; Einstein theory of
080927 - relativity E = MC^2; mathematics
080928 - random numbers create complexity
080929 - enables emergence biological
080930 - evolution that increases order
080931 - in complex systems, complements
080932 - 2nd law of rising
080933 - disorder................................... ref SDS 21 0001
080935 - ..
080936 - 3. Quantum mechanics wave particle
080937 - duality complementarity uncertainity
080938 - principle, holism, emergence quantum
080939 - leap, microscopic structure elemental
080940 - particles.................................. ref SDS 22 0001
080942 - ..
080943 - 4. Standard model of universe unify
080944 - laws, constants and forces of nature
080945 - into grand unified theory (GUTS) and
080946 - theory of everythong (TOE) discover
080947 - 1 underlying force and law of nature,
080948 - like irreversability of time, gravity
080949 - hard to synthesize, religion theory
080950 - cosmology on creation of universe,
080951 - inflation, barryogensis, and
080952 - anthropic principle scientific model
080953 - of creation............................... ref SDS 0 0001
Theory of Everything TOE Grand Unified Theory GUTS Gravity Eludes Un
140401 - ..
140402 - Theory of Everything Quantum Electrodynamics Charged Particles Light
140404 - Lecture 17 on 040505 Quantum Electrodynamics studies theory of quantum
140405 - force fields that explains interaction between charged particles and
140406 - light. ref OF 20 0001 Goal of theoretical physicis is to extend the
140407 - "standard model" of the universe into a "Grand unified theory," but
140408 - progress is slowed by difficulty understanding gravity in relation to
140409 - other elemental forces.
140411 - [...unification of forces gravity, electrical, nuclear
140412 - presented in lecture 24. ref SDS 0 8W5K
140414 - ..
140415 - [...baryogeneses theory of cosomolgy about how the universe
140416 - began, lecture 26, and presents further discussion of grand
140417 - unified theory. ref SDS 0 O76F
140419 - ..
140420 - Quantum gravity...
140422 - Understanding of the fundamental forces of Nature will require
140423 - a unification of quantum physics and general relativity.
140424 - ref OF 20 URQQ
140426 - ..
140427 - Unification of all four fundamental forces in a single quantum
140428 - theory is a major goal of theoretical physics. Gravity,
140429 - however, has proved difficult to treat with any quantum theory
140430 - that describes the other forces in terms of messenger particles
140431 - that are exchanged between interacting particles of matter.
140432 - ref OF 20 PRSV
140434 - ..
140435 - Quantum gravity asks the question, "what is the behavior of
140436 - gravity on extremely small scales?" What are the properties of
140437 - mini black holes and how does the force of gravity compared to
140438 - other subatomic forces? These questions are particularly
140439 - crucial to cosmology since the very early Universe was an
140440 - environment dominated by extremely high pressures and
140441 - temperatures, and the folding of spacetime on quantum scales.
140442 - ref OF 20 0285
140445 - ..
140446 - Physics Attempts Synthesis into Theory of Everything Unification
140448 - Schombert graphic shows current theories in physics...
140449 - ref OF 20 KRWR
140451 - Quantum Mechanics ---------\
140452 - wave particle duality |
140453 - superposition | ......... ref SDS 0 QU3O
140454 - probabilities |
140455 - |
140456 - +-> Quantum Field Theory
140457 - | virtual particles
140458 - | color charge
140459 - | wave function
140460 - |
140461 - ----------/
140462 - Special Relativity
140463 - ----------\
140464 - spacetime geometry |
140465 - relativity of motion |
140466 - |
140467 - |
140468 - +-> General Relativity
140469 - | equivalence principle
140470 - | dynamic spacetime
140471 - |
140472 - ----------/
140473 - Newtonian Mechanics
140474 - universal gravitation
140475 - force and acceleration
140478 - ..
140479 - Gravitational radiation. ref OF 20 KSRU
Default Null Subject Account for Blank Record
200401 - ..
200402 - Hawking Radiation Black Holes Convert Energy into Matter
200403 - Black Holes Accelerate Spacetime Curvature Mass Energy Loss
200404 - Quantum Mechanics Determinations Fails Near Black Holes
200405 - Determinism Declines Near Black Holes High Energy Collisions
200408 - Schombert lecture 17 continues...
200410 - Hawking was one of the first to consider the behavior of a black
200411 - hole whose Schwarzschild radius was on the level of an atom. One
200412 - billion tons of matter make a black hole the size of a proton.
200413 - Small size makes behavior a mix of quantum mechanics rather than
200414 - relativity. ref OF 20 LSYT
200416 - ..
200417 - Collision of two photons can cause pair production. This a direct
200418 - example of converting energy into mass (unlike fission or fusion
200419 - which turn mass into energy). Pair production is one of the
200420 - primary methods of forming matter in the early Universe.
200421 - ref OF 20 VX4I
200424 - ..
200425 - Symmetry Energy Converted into Mass Source of Emergence
200427 - Pair production is symmetric in that a matter and antimatter
200428 - particle are produced (an electron and an anti-electron (positron)
200429 - in the above example). ref OF 20 VTSP
200431 - ..
200432 - Hawking showed that the strong gravitational gradients (tides) near
200433 - black holes can also lead to pair production. In this case, the
200434 - gravitational energy of the black hole is converted into particles.
200435 - ref OF 20 PTTQ
200437 - ..
200438 - Correlation between energy and mass may be another example of
200439 - symmetry, complementarity, and binary structure of existence that
200440 - oscillates between order and disorder to reconcile the 2nd law with
200441 - evolution of complexity, including life and intelligence, per below.
200442 - ref SDS 0 WO6F
200444 - ..
200445 - Lecture 25 explains symmetry that may drive emergence, ref SDS 0 4G7G
200446 - "Symmetry breaks" speculate the Big Bang expanded spacetime,
200447 - ref SDS 0 3237, and illustrate a number of quantum forces that may
200448 - contribute to emergence. ref SDS 0 Q480
200450 - ..
200451 - Hawking explains black holes in a separate paper titled...
200453 - ..
200454 - Does God Play Dice - Unpredictability Leads to Emergence
200456 - ..
200457 - A star will curve and distort the space-time near it, more and
200458 - more, the more massive and more compact the star is. If a massive
200459 - star, which has burnt up its nuclear fuel, cools and shrinks below
200460 - a critical size, it will quite literally make a bottomless hole in
200461 - space-time, that light can't get out of. Such objects were given
200462 - the name Black Holes, by the American physicist John Wheeler, who
200463 - was one of the first to recognise their importance, and the
200464 - problems they pose. ref OF 35 LX4O
200466 - ..
200467 - We now have observations that point to black holes in a number of
200468 - objects, from binary star systems, to the centre of galaxies. So
200469 - it is now generally accepted that black holes exist. But, ... what
200470 - is their significance for determinism. Not only do the particles
200471 - ...that fall into a black hole, never come out again, but also the
200472 - information that they carry, is lost forever, at least from our
200473 - region of the universe. ref OF 35 MP6L
200475 - ..
200476 - One might not think it mattered very much, if determinism broke
200477 - down near black holes. We are almost certainly at least a few
200478 - light years, from a black hole of any size. But, the Uncertainty
200479 - Principle implies that every region of space should be full of tiny
200480 - virtual black holes, which appear and disappear again. One would
200481 - think that particles and information could fall into these black
200482 - holes, and be lost. Because these virtual black holes are so
200483 - small, a hundred billion billion times smaller than the nucleus of
200484 - an atom, the rate at which information would be lost would be very
200485 - low. That is why the laws of science appear deterministic, to a
200486 - very good approximation. But in extreme conditions, like in the
200487 - early universe, or in high energy particle collisions, there could
200488 - be significant loss of information. This would lead to
200489 - unpredictability in the evolution of the universe. ref OF 35 R88G
200493 - ..
200494 - Emergence Unpredictability Evolution Universe Source of Life?
200497 - Hawking's point about "unpredictability in the evolution of the
200498 - universe" may relate to the theory of emergence as the source of life,
200499 - presented in the anthropic principle, lecture 28. ref SDS 0 3237
200501 - ..
200502 - As noted, symmetry between energy and mass, ref SDS 0 G34M, may
200503 - further drive emergence of order out of rising entropy.
200505 - ..
200506 - [On 040321 Hawking argues against Einstein's analysis that
200507 - quantum mechanics applies hidden variables to account for
200508 - local causality. ref SDS 22 196X
200510 - ..
200511 - [On 040621 Hawking quote on hope for grand unified theory
200512 - that will may lead to focus on construcing useful complex
200513 - systems in 21st century cited in promotion for professional
200514 - seminar on improving the practice of management with
200515 - respect to "Knowledge Management" that relies on
200516 - conversation for holistic principles, and ignores locality
200517 - connecting cause and effect that yields the power of
200518 - knowledge. ref SDS 25 YY6J
200522 - ..
200523 - Standard Model Step Toward Grand Unified Theory
200526 - ..
200527 - Schombert lecture 17 continues...
200529 - The Standard Model is a way of making sense of the multiplicity
200530 - of elementary particles and forces within a single scheme. The
200531 - Standard Model is the combination of two schemes; the
200532 - electroweak force (unification of electromagnetism and weak
200533 - force) plus quantum chromodynamics. Although the Standard
200534 - Model has brought a considerable amount of order to elementary
200535 - particles and has led to important predictions, the model is
200536 - not without some serious difficulties. ref OF 20 816L
200538 - ..
200539 - For example, the problem of quantum gravity is unresolved in
200540 - the Standard Model. Also undefined are the values of the
200541 - various constants of Nature (the speed of light, charge on the
200542 - electron, etc). In fact, why the Universe is built the way it
200543 - is (3D+1D macroscopic world) is unclear, although various other
200544 - dimensional shapes can be ruled out as shown by the diagram
200545 - below. ref OF 20 8UPT
200547 - ..
200548 - Another problem is that the Standard Model contains a large
200549 - number of arbitrary constants. Good choice of the constants
200550 - leads to exact matches with experimental results. However, a
200551 - good fundamental theory should be one where the constants are
200552 - self-evident. For example, the choice of 4 spacetime
200553 - dimensions is understood under the Standard model since other
200554 - choices are ruled out by mathematics. ref OF 20 8526
200557 - ..
200558 - Gravity Eludes Attempts for Unified Field Theory
200559 - Grand Unified Theory (GUTS) Elemental Forces Gravity Hard to Unify
200560 - Unified Field Theory Framework Elemental Particles Fundamental Forces
200563 - ..
200564 - Schombert lecture 17 continues...
200566 - The Standard Model does not include the unification of all
200567 - forces and, therefore, is incomplete. There is a strong
200568 - expectation that there exists a Grand Unified Field Theory
200569 - (GUTS) that will provide a deeper meaning to the Standard Model
200570 - and explain the missing elements. ref OF 20 8UST
200572 - [...unification of forces gravity, electrical, nuclear
200573 - presented in lecture 24. ref SDS 22 8W5K
200575 - ..
200576 - [...baryogeneses theory of cosomolgy about how the universe
200577 - began, lecture 26, and presents further discussion of grand
200578 - unified theory. ref SDS 22 O76F
200580 - ..
200581 - Schombert provides a link to University of Orgeon glossary, citing the
200582 - Encyclopedia Britannica without permission...
200584 - http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/unified_field_theory.html
200586 - ..
200587 - Unified field theory, in particle physics, is an attempt to
200588 - describe all fundamental forces and the relationships between
200589 - elementary particles in terms of a single theoretical
200590 - framework. Forces can be described by fields that mediate
200591 - interactions between separate objects. In the mid-19th century
200592 - James Clerk Maxwell formulated the first field theory in his
200593 - theory of electromagnetism. Then, in the early part of the
200594 - 20th century, Albert Einstein developed general relativity, a
200595 - field theory of gravitation. Later, Einstein and others
200596 - attempted to construct a unified field theory in which
200597 - electromagnetism and gravity would emerge as different aspects
200598 - of a single fundamental field. They failed, and to this day
200599 - gravity remains beyond attempts at a unified field theory.
200603 - ..
200604 - Theory of Everything (TOE) Expands GTIS Should Predict Higgs Particle
200607 - Schombert lecture 17 continues...
200609 - Even a [grand unified theory] GUTS, ref SDS 0 8UST, is
200610 - incomplete because it would not include spacetime and therefore
200611 - gravity. It is hypothesized that a "Theory of Everything"
200612 - (TOE) will bring together all the fundamental forces, matter
200613 - and curved spacetime under one unifying picture. For
200614 - cosmology, this will be the single force that controlled the
200615 - Universe at the time of formation. The current approach to the
200616 - search for a TOE is to attempt to uncover some fundamental
200617 - symmetry, perhaps a symmetry of symmetries. There should be
200618 - predictions from a TOE, such as the existence of the Higgs
200619 - particle, the origin of mass in the Universe. ref OF 20 8UTU
200621 - [...unification of forces gravity, electrical, nuclear
200622 - presented in lecture 24. ref SDS 22 8W5K
200624 - ..
200625 - [...baryogeneses theory of cosomolgy about how the universe
200626 - began, lecture 26, and presents further discussion of grand
200627 - unified theory. ref SDS 22 O76F
200629 - ..
200630 - [...cosomology theory of anthropic principle that increases
200631 - order presented in lecture 28 complements forces that
200632 - increase disorder with rising entropy under the 2nd law of
200633 - thermodynamics in lecture 5, ref SDS 21 566F; finely tuned
200634 - mathematical constants for laws of nature emerge highly
200635 - ordered complexity of life and intelligence from massively
200636 - complex randomness in the disorder of chaos following the
200637 - big bang birth of the universe. ref SDS 0 QP5L
200639 - ..
200640 - Schombert provides a link to University of Orgeon glossary, citing the
200641 - Encyclopedia Britannica without permission...
200643 - http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/higgs_particle.html
200645 - Higgs particle is the carrier of an all-pervading fundamental
200646 - field that is hypothesized as a means of endowing mass on
200647 - elementary particles through its interactions with them. The
200648 - field and the particle are named after Peter Higgs of the
200649 - University of Edinburgh, one of the physicists who first
200650 - postulated the idea.
200653 - ..
200654 - Supergravity Brane Theory Unite Particles Multi-dimensional Spacetime
200656 - Schombert lecture 17 continues...
200658 - One example of a attempt to formula a TOE is supergravity, a
200659 - quantum theory that unities particle types through the use of
200660 - ten dimensional spacetime (see diagram below). Spacetime (4D
200661 - construct) was successful at explaining gravity. What if the
200662 - subatomic world is also a geometric phenomenon. ref OF 20 549N
200664 - ..
200665 - The idea that gravity is different from the other forces.
200666 - While it is extremely long ranged, gravity is extremely weak
200667 - (notice that a small magnet on the refrigerator can overcome
200668 - the entire gravitational force of the Earth). Perhaps gravity
200669 - is weak because it is `spread' out over many dimensions. This
200670 - type of theory is called brane or membrane theory and
200671 - hypothesizes that the 3D world is just one splice of a
200672 - multi-dimensional space where gravity propagates between the
200673 - branes (slices). ref OF 20 5UWU
200676 - ..
200677 - String theory. ref OF 20 PVQW
200679 - ..
200680 - Brane world scenario. ref OF 20 8VWY
Time Travel Conflicts with Experience Theoretically Possible Scenari
250401 - ..
250402 - Time Travel Universe 4 Dimensional
250404 - Lecture 18 on 040507 relativity discovered the universe is four
250405 - dimensional, and that space and time are connected where changes in
250406 - one can affect the others. ref OF 21 0001
250408 - ..
250409 - Newtonian time.
250411 - Time is not experienced with human sensory perception, as are
250412 - objects in dimensional space, leading to continuing philosophical
250413 - discussion. ref OF 21 6QPW
250415 - Causality strongly tied to connections between time and space.
250416 - ref OF 21 0148
250418 - ..
250419 - Present marks the boundary between biological memory of the past,
250420 - and the future which is unknown. ref OF 21 0197
250422 - ..
250423 - Grandfather Paradox demonstrates impossibility of going back in time.
250424 - ref OF 21 PSVS
250426 - ..
250427 - Numerous physicists speculate that spacetime contains a chronology
250428 - protection effect, much like the event horizon around a black hole.
250429 - Where an event horizon prevents a singularity from being exposed to
250430 - the Universe, a chronology protection effect would prevent time
250431 - travel and the framework of causality by making time paradox's
250432 - impossible. ref OF 21 RTXY
250434 - ..
250435 - For some reason, there is no discussion in this lecture on the
250436 - irreversibility of time, presented on lecture 5 on the 2nd law of
250437 - thermodynamics. ref SDS 21 566F
Creation Holism Diesm Theism Cosmology Religion May 12, 2004 Doctor
370401 - ..
370402 - Religious Theories Creation Theism Deism Holism Cosmological
370403 - Cosmological Theories Creation Theism Deism Holism Religious
370404 - Creation Theism Deism Holism Cosmological Religious Theories
370405 - Holism Deism Theism Cosmological Religious Theories of Creation
370407 - Note that lecture 19 was an exam. ref OF 1 9PUU
370409 - ..
370410 - Lecture 20 on 040512 presents cosmology that explains holistic theory
370411 - about how the universe was created based on religious perspectives of
370412 - deism and theism. ref OF 22 0001
370414 - ..
370415 - Geometric cosmology grew from Greek and Christian views on creation
370416 - from experimentation and observation. ref OF 22 0109 Modern
370417 - cosmology and physics applies these views described as
370418 - deterministic reductionism. In the last 50 years, cosmology has
370419 - moved toward a more Eastern slant (holism) where the underlying
370420 - theme is the use of observation and experimentation to search for
370421 - simple, universal laws. ref OF 22 T54K
370423 - ..
370424 - Judeo-Christian tradition was unique feeling God created the
370425 - Universe at some specific moment in the past, and that events form
370426 - an unfolding unidirectional sequence. Key to this philosophy is
370427 - that the Creator is entirely separate from and independent of His
370428 - creation. God brings order to a primordial chaos. ref OF 22 5SUR
370430 - ..
370431 - Lecture 15 on 040430 discusses holism to expand Newtonian physics for
370432 - understanding quantum mechanics of microscopic elemental particles.
370433 - ref SDS 0 824J Holism is further related to religious belief in 1
370434 - god, and spirituality. ref SDS 0 GU5L
370436 - ..
370437 - The first lecture on 040329 discusses God as the initial cause of
370438 - existence, in relation to the locality principle. ref SDS 20 OG7I
370439 - Schombert discusses religious aspects as part of the lecture on 040428
370440 - that presents holism in relation to quantum mechanics. ref SDS 0 824J
370441 - The lectures conclude on 040602 with a presentation on the anthropic
370442 - principle that discusses religion with respect to the need for a
370443 - creating cause. ref SDS 22 QP5L
370445 - ..
370446 - Schombert lecture continues...
370448 - Belief that a divine being starts the Universe then `sits back' and
370449 - watches events unfold, taking no direct part in affairs, is known
370450 - as deism. Here God is considered a cosmic engineer. In contrast,
370451 - theism is the belief in a God who is creator of the Universe and
370452 - who also remains directly involved in the day-to-day running of the
370453 - world, especially the affairs of human beings. God maintains a
370454 - personal and guiding role. In both deism and theism, God is
370455 - regarded as wholly other than, and beyond, the physical Universe.
370456 - In pantheism, no such separation is made between God and the
370457 - physical Universe. God is identified with Nature itself:
370458 - everything is a part of God and God is in everything. ref OF 22
370459 - P373
370461 - ..
370462 - [...lecture 26 on barryogensis presents a scientific theory for
370463 - the origins of the universe, ref SDS 0 F84I, as explained in
370464 - lecture 24 on efforts to develop a theory of unification for
370465 - elemental forces. ref SDS 0 7P6I
370467 - ..
370468 - Olber's Paradox on the darkness of night in relation to light from
370469 - the stars, ref OF 22 5K6M, may imply the universe was "created."
370470 - ref OF 22 JTRR
370473 - ..
370474 - Scientific analysis should consider the concept of religion as the
370475 - "science of life" presented in NWO. ref OF 46 LA9O
370477 - ..
370478 - Science can consider long term cycles that exceed human span of
370479 - attention in the same way that Schombert discusses short term
370480 - cycles in sub-atomic and cosmology physics that occur below human
370481 - perception. Long term cycles, like the metonic tide cycle, that
370482 - impact civilization, suggests other cycles impact human emotions
370483 - from conduct that deviates on the margins, and so periodically
370484 - drives catclysmic erruptions.
Expanding Universe Conflicts with Newtonian Static Universe Gravitat
420401 - ..
420402 - Expanding Universe Conflicts with Gravitational Forces of Collapse
420404 - Lecture 21 on 040514 Newtonian view of expanding universe appears
420405 - conflicting with gravitational forces that should collapse everything
420406 - into a black hole; in the 1930s Hubble discovered that galaxies are
420407 - receding. ref OF 23 0001
420409 - ..
420410 - Recent findings from the Hubble telescope seem to confirm Hubble's
420411 - theory in the 1930s that the universe is expanding. ref OF 23 0105
Dynamics of Universe Expanding or Collapsing Lecture 22 Schombert Ja
470401 - ..
470402 - Dynamics of the Universe
470404 - Lecture 22 on 040517 presents theories for the universe to continue
470405 - expanding, eventually begin to contract, or reach stability depending
470406 - on total mass. ref OF 24 0001
Dark Matter Dark Energy Lecture 23 Schombert James Doctor May 19, 20
520401 - ..
520402 - Dark Matter Dark Energy
520404 - Lecture 23 on 040519 studies seemed to show that galaxies in clusters
520405 - were moving too fast for the calculated mass. This discrepancy seems
520406 - to be reconciled with a theory of dark matter. ref OF 25 0001
520408 - ..
520409 - 95% of the universe is composed of dark matter. ref OF 25 I58K
520411 - ..
520412 - 21st century science focused on determining the nature of dark matter.
520413 - ref OF 25 0QSV
520415 - ..
520416 - Universe appears to be open, and expanding, because not enough mass to
520417 - enable contraction. ref OF 25 PRTW
Unification Natural Forces Electrical Gravity Nuclear Needed to Stud
570401 - ..
570402 - Birth of Universe Study Unification of Gravity Electrical Nuclear
570403 - Unification Forces of Gravity Electrical Nuclear Birth of Universe
570405 - Lecture 24 on 040521 discusses efforts to derive a theory unifiying
570406 - fundamental forces of gravity and electromagnetism in quantum
570407 - mechanics. ref OF 26 0001 Physics theory of quantum gravity helps
570408 - study the birth of the universe. ref OF 26 XQRS
570410 - ..
570411 - Physics of the early Universe is at the boundary of astronomy
570412 - and philosophy since we do not currently have a complete theory
570413 - that unifies all the fundamental forces of Nature at the moment
570414 - of Creation. In addition, there is no possibility of linking
570415 - observation or experimentation of early Universe physics to our
570416 - theories (i.e. its not possible to `build' another Universe).
570417 - Our theories are rejected or accepted based on simplicity and
570418 - aesthetic grounds, plus there power of prediction to later
570419 - times, rather than an appeal to empirical results. This is a
570420 - very difference way of doing science from previous centuries of
570421 - research. ref OF 26 NR5H
570423 - ..
570424 - We are very far from understanding "why" the universe started,
570425 - i.e., what started the "big bang." ref OF 26 9PUX
570427 - ..
570428 - Seems related to lecture 17 on extending the Standard Model to a Grand
570429 - Unified Theory (GUTS), and further to a Theory of Everything (TOE).
570430 - ref SDS 0 ED6I
570432 - ..
570433 - Unification is explained as...
570435 - all the forces of Nature should be capable of being described
570436 - by a single theory. But only at high energies should the
570437 - behavior of the forces combine, this is called unification.
570439 - ..
570440 - At high energy forces of nature become symmetric, seem to act
570441 - similarly, and with similar strength, described as
570442 - "unification." Forces become separate as the universe expands
570443 - and cools. ref OF 26 HF4K
570445 - ..
570446 - There is the expectation that all the nuclear forces of matter
570447 - (strong, weak and electromagnetic) unify at extremely high
570448 - temperatures under a principle known as Grand Unified Theory,
570449 - an extension of quantum physics using as yet undiscovered
570450 - relationships between the strong and electroweak forces.
570451 - ref OF 26 PQQW
Inflation Theory on Origins of Universe Expanding Faster than Speed
810401 - ..
810402 - Symmetry Binary Structure Core Force of Cosmology Birth of Universe
810403 - Causal Effect Binary Structure Symmetry Foundational Order in Universe
810404 - Binary Structure Symmetry Forces Order of Causation in the Universe
810406 - Lecture 25 on 040524 discusses cosmology theory that pressures and
810407 - temperature from the big bang originating the universe prevented
810408 - formation of elemental particles (see lecture 18, ref SDS 22 1F7I,
810409 - Symmetry was the only force or process from which the laws of nature
810410 - formed as the universe cooled to become homogenous and causally
810411 - connected. ref OF 27 0001
810413 - ..
810414 - Symmetry also leads to conservation laws, and conservation laws
810415 - limit the possible interactions between particles. Those
810416 - imaginary processes that violate conservation laws are
810417 - forbidden. So the existence of symmetry provides a source of
810418 - order to the early Universe. ref OF 27 0069
810420 - ..
810421 - Pure symmetry is like a spinning coin. The coin has two
810422 - states, but while spinning neither state is determined, and yet
810423 - both states exist. The coin is in a state of both/or. When
810424 - the coin hits the floor the symmetry is broken (its either
810425 - heads or tails) and energy is released in the process (the
810426 - noise the coin makes as it hits the ground). ref OF 27 PPWU
810428 - ..
810429 - A cosmological theory is presented that "symmetry breaks"
810430 - caused dramatic changes in the universe similar to ice changing
810431 - from a solid to liquid, and then to a gas, as temperature
810432 - rises. Symmetry theory speculates that as the universe cooled,
810433 - one force divided into separate fundamental forces. ref OF 27
810434 - 0096
810436 - ..
810437 - Fundamental forces of gravity, electrical, nuclear are discussed in
810438 - lecture 16. ref SDS 0 824L
810440 - ..
810441 - Lecture 17 explaining black holes convert energy into mass, may
810442 - reflect symmetry that enables emergence. ref SDS 0 G35N
810444 - ..
810445 - Symmetry that enabled formation of elemental particles, ref SDS 0
810446 - 4G7G, and foundational forces of the universe, ref SDS 0 6N7M, seems
810447 - like another way of describing binary structure presented in NWO,
810448 - ref OF 44 5846, possibly related to complementarity used in quantum
810449 - mechanics for expanding the locality principle to subatomic
810450 - phenomenological events, discussed in lecture 15. ref SDS 22 GT4O
810454 - ..
810455 - Inflation Symmetry Binary Universe Homogenous Causally Connected
810457 - Schombert lecture 25 continues...
810459 - Inflation explains why the observable Universe is both
810460 - homogeneous and causally connected. During inflation the
810461 - Universe expanded so that our horizon now only sees a small
810462 - piece of what was the total Universe from the Big Bang.
810463 - ref OF 27 0227
810465 - ..
810466 - Causal connections in the universe are embodied in the theory of
810467 - knowledge that enables predictability presented in the locality
810468 - principle discussed in lecture 5. ref SDS 20 YH4G
810470 - [On 060617 review Budiyono paper published 060602
810471 - "Dynamical Foundation of Thermodynamical Behavior..."
810472 - describes knowledge as a mathematical proposition,
810473 - ref SDS 29 K134, and extends view that quantum mechanics
810474 - reduce to classical mechanics at the macro level with
810475 - mathematical proof that locality, uncertainty, the 2nd law,
810476 - and gravity all derive from the irreversibility of time,
810477 - and so present a single law of nature. ref SDS 29 K161
Baryogenesis Cosmology Birth of Universe Emergence Elemental Forces
890401 - ..
890402 - Baryogenesis Forms Structure of Universe under Grand Unified Theory
890403 - Grand Unified Theory (GUT) of Universe Baryogensis forms Structure
890404 - Structure of Universe Baryogensis Grand Unified Theory (GUT)
890405 - Emergence Structure of Universe Forms under Theory of Baryogensis
890407 - Lecture 26 on 040526 discusses Grand Unified Theory (GUTS) speculating
890408 - about big bang starting the universe, and consequent emergence of
890409 - structure in the universe, including matter, antimatter, and all of
890410 - the elements in the periodic table. ref OF 28 0001
890412 - ..
890413 - Theory of everything (TOE), and grand unified theroy (GUTS) were
890414 - introduced in lecture 15. ref SDS 0 ED6I
890416 - ..
890417 - Cosmology seems to encompass altherate theories of how the universe
890418 - originated; lecture 20 presented holism, religion and theology.
890419 - ref SDS 0 X15F
890421 - ..
890422 - Unification of forces in the universe was discussed in lecture 24
890423 - delivered on 040521, and reviewed above. ref SDS 0 7P6I
890425 - ..
890426 - Baryongenesis begins around 1 second after the Big Bang. The
890427 - equilibrium process at work is the balance between the strong force
890428 - binding quarks into protons and neutrons versus the splitting of quark
890429 - pairs into new quark pairs. When the temperature of the Universe drops
890430 - to the point that there is not enough energy to form new quarks, the
890431 - current quarks are able to link into stable triplets. ref OF 28 9RSV
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) Discovery Indicates Universe Start
940401 - ..
940402 - 14 Billion Years to Origin of Universe
940403 - Cosmic Microwave Background CMB Indicates Universe Started by Big Bang
940404 - Big Bang Theory Cosmology Origin Universe Supported by Discovery CMB
940406 - Lecture 27 on 040528 Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is also
940407 - discussed in relation to Cosmic Background Radiation that supports the
940408 - theory of the Big Bang creating the universe. ref OF 29 0001
940410 - The discovery of the cosmic microwave background (CMB)
940411 - confirmed the explosive nature to the origin of our Universe.
940412 - For every matter particle in the Universe there are 10 billion
940413 - more photons. This is the baryon number that reflects the
940414 - asymmetry between matter and anti-matter in the early Universe.
940415 - Looking around the Universe its obvious that there is a great
940416 - deal of matter. By the same token, there are even many, many
940417 - more photons from the initial annihilation of matter and
940418 - anti-matter. ref OF 29 1143
940420 - ..
940421 - Ionization occurs at high temperatures from photons colliding
940422 - with atoms and knocking electrons loose. ref OF 29 PPYU
940424 - ..
940425 - When we look out in the sky, we're actually looking backwards
940426 - in time. Light from more distant objects takes longer to reach
940427 - us and thus we are observing now how they appeared in the past.
940428 - We can see back a few billion years with the light of galaxies.
940429 - ref OF 29 PRQR
940431 - ..
940432 - Origin of structure discussed. ref OF 29 PSVS
940434 - ..
940435 - Top Down Scenario on structure forming in universe. ref OF 29
940436 - PSXY
940438 - ..
940439 - Bottom-Up Scenario........... ref OF 29 PTQP
940441 - ..
940442 - Universe is thought to have emerged 14 billion years ago with
940443 - the "big bang." ref OF 29 E444
Anthropic Principle Complementarity Entropic Principle Constants Law
AD0401 - ..
AD0402 - Anthropic Principle Creation Universe Constants Yield Intelligence
AD0403 - Biology Evolution Holism and Networking Unique Processes in Universe
AD0405 - Lecture 28 on 040602 presents the anthropic principle discussing how
AD0406 - intelligence appears to be a unique feature in the universe.
AD0407 - ref OF 30 0001
AD0409 - ..
AD0410 - Constants of nature expressed in mathematical form, ref OF 30 KN6H,
AD0411 - that explain universal forces on a microscopic (atomic constants),
AD0412 - macroscopic (electromagnetic forces) and cosmological levels all
AD0413 - appear to be extremely fine-tuned in order for life and
AD0414 - intelligence to evolve. ref OF 30 KQSQ
AD0416 - ..
AD0417 - This concern of how conscious creatures, such as ourselves, came to
AD0418 - be in the Universe is called the anthropic principle, and has three
AD0419 - forms; weak, strong and final. ref OF 30 LRTX
AD0421 - a. Weak Anthropic Principle:
AD0423 - The observed values of all physical and cosmological
AD0424 - quantities are not equally probable but they take on values
AD0425 - restricted by the requirement that there exist sites where
AD0426 - carbon-based life can evolve and by the requirements that
AD0427 - the Universe be old enough for it to have already done so.
AD0428 - ref OF 30 3Y7H
AD0430 - ..
AD0431 - b. Strong Anthropic Principle:
AD0433 - The Universe must have those properties which allow life to
AD0434 - develop within it at some stage in its history. ref OF 30
AD0435 - 4Z8O Because:
AD0437 - 1. There exists one possible Universe `designed' with the
AD0438 - goal of generating and sustaining `observers'.
AD0439 - ref OF 30 3151 or...
AD0441 - ..
AD0442 - 2. Observers are necessary to bring the Universe into
AD0443 - being (participatory universe). ref OF 30 3X8L or...
AD0445 - ..
AD0446 - 3. An ensemble of other different universes is necessary
AD0447 - for the existence of our Universe, ref OF 30 0158
AD0449 - ..
AD0450 - c. Final Anthropic Principle:
AD0452 - Intelligent information-processing must come into existence
AD0453 - in the Universe, and, once it comes into existence, it will
AD0454 - never die out. ref OF 30 3160
AD0458 - ..
AD0459 - Life Unique to Earth in Universe Anthropic Principle Begs the Question
AD0460 - Tautology Anthropic Circular Reasoning We Exist to Ask Questions
AD0461 - Begs the Question Tautaulogy Circular Reasoning Criticizes Anthropy
AD0462 - Circular Reasoning Tautaulogy Anthropic Principle Begs the Question
AD0464 - Schombert lecture 25 continues...
AD0466 - The usual criticism of any form of the anthropic principle is that
AD0467 - it is guilty of a tautology or circular reasoning. ref OF 30 PQWS
AD0469 - ..
AD0470 - Error in analysis occurs using a conclusion as a premise, which is
AD0471 - criticized as argument that "begs the question" with circular
AD0472 - reasoning because there is no actual support for the conclusion.
AD0474 - ..
AD0475 - Complex issues involving many steps in the chain of causation makes
AD0476 - the falacy of circular reasoning harder to detect.
AD0479 - How do we know
AD0480 - what happened at the crime
AD0483 - ..
AD0484 - Observer A is a good
AD0485 - witness because she gives We have Observer A's
AD0486 - a detailed account account for the details
AD0487 - of the crime
AD0490 - ..
AD0491 - Observer A's Account
AD0492 - matched details of the crime
AD0495 - ..
AD0496 - With the respect to our existence and the Universe, the error in
AD0497 - reasoning is that because we are here, it must be possible that we
AD0498 - can be here. In other words, we exist to ask the question of the
AD0499 - anthropic principle. If we didn't exist then the question could
AD0500 - not be asked. So there is nothing special to the anthropic
AD0501 - principle, it simply states we exist to ask questions about the
AD0502 - Universe. ref OF 30 4RYR
AD0504 - ..
AD0505 - An example of this style of question is whether life is unique to
AD0506 - the Earth. There are many special qualities to the Earth (proper
AD0507 - mass, distance from Sun for liquid water, position in Galaxy for
AD0508 - heavy elements from nearby supernova explosion). But, none of
AD0509 - these characteristics are unique to the Earth. There may exist
AD0510 - hundreds to thousands of solar systems with similar characteristics
AD0511 - where life would be possible, if not inevitable. We simply live on
AD0512 - one of them, and we would not be capable of living on any other
AD0513 - world. ref OF 30 3188
AD0518 - ..
AD0519 - Symmetry Breaking Pressures During Big Bang Expanded Spacetime
AD0521 - Schombert lecture 25 continues...
AD0523 - ...because of symmetry breaking at the GUT unification point,
AD0524 - spacetime and matter separated and a tremendous amount of energy
AD0525 - was released. This energy produced an overpressure that was
AD0526 - applied not to the particles of matter, but to spacetime itself.
AD0527 - Basically, the particles stood still as the space between them
AD0528 - expanded at an exponential rate. ref OF 30 3237
AD0530 - ..
AD0531 - Schombert seems to be citing the grand unifying theory (GUT) presented
AD0532 - in lecture 17, ref SDS 0 ED6I, which indicates that unification
AD0533 - remains speculation because the law of gravity cannot be integrated
AD0534 - with other forces of nature. ref SDS 0 8UST
AD0536 - ..
AD0537 - Even if unification were a somewhat settled fact, like gravity, which
AD0538 - seems not to be the case presented in lecture 24 saying the theory of
AD0539 - unification is not complete, ref SDS 0 7P6I, Schombert's analysis of
AD0540 - antorhpy remains unsatisfying to explain how a single force of
AD0541 - complementarity (symmetry, binary structure) yield life and
AD0542 - intelligence that operate with evident free will to interrupt
AD0543 - particles and waves bouncing about in the universe according to the
AD0544 - laws of nature. Intelligence alone seems to defy the laws of nature??
AD0546 - ..
AD0547 - Actually, five (5) processes of nature have no evident driving force,
AD0548 - and may influence evolution of order in the universe, reviewed in
AD0549 - lecture 15, ref SDS 22 486I, that complements rising entropy...
AD0551 - 1. Emergence........................ ref SDS 22 486I
AD0552 - 2. Complementarity.................. ref SDS 22 GT4O
AD0553 - 3. Symmetry......................... ref SDS 0 4G7G
AD0554 - 4. Anthropy......................... ref SDS 0 QP5L
AD0555 - 5. Entropy.......................... ref SDS 21 566F
AD0557 - ..
AD0558 - We have a curb-side guess that emergence and entropy may fluctuate
AD0559 - (oscillate) through complementarity cycles of rising and falling order
AD0560 - in the universe, based on mathematics of undecidable questions, or
AD0561 - something like that. (see analysis of 2nd law, ref SDS 21 FK5H, and
AD0562 - discussion of emergence, ref SDS 22 GT6L) Hawking's discussion of
AD0563 - black holes seems to have potential for cyclical emergence of order,
AD0564 - and decay through rising entropy, as well. ref SDS 0 WO3L Anthropic
AD0565 - prinicple seems like a more sophisticated version of emergence,
AD0566 - constructing not only rising order in complex structures, but very
AD0567 - complex structures that can move about, learn, and change their mind,
AD0568 - etc, expressing "free will."
AD0570 - ..
AD0571 - Complementarity, which may be another term for binary structure,
AD0572 - ref SDS 22 ZG8F, seems to be very powerful in nature, ref SDS 22 O69O,
AD0573 - and greatly debated, reported in lecture 1. ref SDS 20 RR9K
AD0575 - ..
AD0576 - Schombert lecture 28 continues...
AD0578 - During inflation, ref SDS 0 6N8K, the Universe expanded a factor of
AD0579 - 10^54, so that our horizon now only sees a small piece of what was
AD0580 - the total Universe from the Big Bang. ref OF 30 3245
AD0583 - ..
AD0584 - Earth Crust Formed 4 Billion Years Old Life Began About Same Time
AD0586 - The Earth's crust became stable about 3.9 billion years ago. Life
AD0587 - appeared around 3.6 to 3.9 billion years ago, which is quite fast
AD0588 - in astronomical terms. Microfossils found in ancient rocks from
AD0589 - Australia and South Africa demonstrate that terrestrial life
AD0590 - flourished by 3.5 billion years ago. Older rocks from Greenland,
AD0591 - 3.9 billion years old, contain isotopic carbon, carbon that could
AD0592 - only have belonged to a living organism. The early atmosphere of
AD0593 - the Earth was a secondary atmosphere from volcanic outgassing, very
AD0594 - CO2 rich with little free O2. ref OF 30 3RWW
AD0596 - ..
AD0597 - With the construction of large macromolecules, such as proteins and
AD0598 - nucleic acids, the Earth is poised for the next stage of
AD0599 - biochemical evolution. ref OF 30 3337
AD0601 - ..
AD0602 - Life Defies Laws of Nature Positive Complexity Adapatability
AD0604 - Living organisms are the supreme example of
AD0605 - active matter. They represent the most developed form of organized
AD0606 - matter and energy that we know. They exemplify growth, adaptation,
AD0607 - complexity, unfolding form variety and unpredictability. Almost
AD0608 - appearing to be a class apart from matter and energy, defying the
AD0609 - laws that enslave normal matter and energy. ref OF 30 BZ7J
AD0611 - ..
AD0612 - Schombert lecture 28 continues...
AD0614 - Each level of biology has new and unexpected qualities, qualities
AD0615 - which cannot be reduced to the properties of the component parts,
AD0616 - this is known as holism. A living organism consists of a large
AD0617 - range of components differing greatly in structure and function
AD0618 - (heart, liver, hair). Yet, the components are arranged and behave
AD0619 - in a coherent and cooperative fashion as though to a common agreed
AD0620 - plan. This endows the organism with a discrete identity, makes a
AD0621 - worm a worm, a dog a dog. ref OF 30 3353
AD0623 - ..
AD0624 - Holism was presented in lecture 17, ref SDS 0 824J, to explain
AD0625 - "emergence." ref SDS 0 GT6L, including the evolution and growth of
AD0626 - life, ref SDS 0 GU30, which seems complementary to the 2nd law of
AD0627 - thermodynmaics that posits rising entropy (disorcer), discussed in
AD0628 - lecture 5.
AD0630 - ..
AD0631 - Schombert lecture 28 continues...
AD0633 - No living thing exits in isolation. All organisms are strongly
AD0634 - coupled to their inanimate environment and require a continual
AD0635 - throughput of matter and energy as well as the ability to export
AD0636 - entropy. From a physical and chemical point of view, every
AD0637 - organism is strongly out of equilibrium with its environment. In
AD0638 - addition, life on Earth is an intricate network of mutually
AD0639 - interdependent organisms held in a state of dynamic balance. The
AD0640 - concept of life is fully meaningful only in the context of the
AD0641 - entire biosphere. ref OF 30 3361
AD0643 - ..
AD0644 - The first lecture on 040329 discusses God as the initial cause of
AD0645 - existence, in relation to the locality principle. ref SDS 20 OG7I
AD0647 - ..
AD0648 - Schombert presents religious aspects of holism as part of the lecture
AD0649 - on 040428 and in relation to quantum mechanics. ref SDS 0 824J
AD0650 - Lecture #20 on 040520 discusses "creation" and explains diesm and
AD0651 - theism as part of the presentation on cosmology. ref SDS 0 X15F
AD0653 - Oxygen is a very small component to outgassing on the Earth, yet O2
AD0654 - is a significant fraction of our current atmosphere (thank
AD0655 - goodness). Also note that O2 is highly reactive and combines
AD0656 - quickly with rock and soil to form oxides (rust). Thus, the
AD0657 - current amount O2 requires a constant process of replenishment.
AD0658 - That process is photosynthesis. ref OF 30 3TPW
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