Colloquium at Stanford
The Unfinished Revolution


Date: Sun, 20 Feb 2000 18:26:19 -0800

From: Eric Armstrong Reply-To:

To: ""

Subject:   Reference Materials, v0.6


In compiling this list, I am acting as a "DKR" by:

The DKR we build should make those operations as easy as is feasible so they can applied to every document in the system.

Version History

0.6 More additions, including a booklist


0.5 Evaluations section, plus list feedback

0.4 Knowledge Management Links

0.3 A couple of corrections, one addition

0.2 Added bootstrap links, changed title

0.1 Initial version

This page provides a collection of references, starting with:


Eric Armstrong

"I highly recommend Jeff Conklin's paper on IBIS."

Gil Regev

"I especially like the Conklin's (gdss) and Shippman's

(formality considered harmful) articles."

Designing Organizational Memory

Wicked Problems

Jack Park

re: The APECKS paper:

"Back up one directory and you get all the papers from KAW98. Back up another directory and you get all the archived workshops. What a gold mine :-)"

Lifestreams, by David Gelernter (who originated Linda, which became TSpaces, JavaSpaces, and now Jini, plus a couple of great books).

Book List


R. Dawkins: The Selfish Gene
R. Dawkins: The Extended Phenotype
S. Blackmore: The Meme Machine
C. Alexander: A Pattern Language
E. Raymond: The Cathedral and the Bazaar
R. Axelrod: The Evolution of Cooperation
W. Kent: Data & Reality (1978)


T. Winograd: Bringing Design to Software
T. Gilb: Principles of Software Engineering Management
K. Al-Timimi & J. MacKrell (1996): STEP: Towards Open Systems
J. Fowler (1995): STEP for Data Management, Exchange and Sharing, Technology Appraisals
J. Owen (1997): STEP - An introduction, 2. edition
D. Schenk & P. Wilson (1994): Information Modeling the EXPRESS Way


Ron Goldman pointed to:

In particular, these papers of Doug's:

* Authorship provisions in Augment (1984)

* Collaboration Support Provisions in AUGMENT (1984)

* Toward High-Performance Organizations:
A Strategic Role for Groupware

Roy Roebuck suggested these:

Philip Gust suggested these document management systems:

Paul Fernhout unearthed these:

Rod Welch gave us these:

Gil Regev provided these:

Jack Park added:



gIBIS is a graphical implementation of the IBIS concept.

Here is background on IBIS:

Here is an abstract of Jeff Conklin's ACM paper:

This page has a link that appears to go the paper, rather than the abstract, but it wasn't working when I followed it:

A nice diagram of gIBIS concepts:

A summary of IBIS that mentions gIBIS and points the major difficulty with the system: "cognitive overhead":

"Integrating Voting Techniques into a Discussion Rationale Model-based GDSS"

Jack Park mentioned:

Constraint Graphs: A Concept Map Meta-Language, by Rob Kremer (A dissertation that describes the technology under gIBIS.)

Knowledge Representation

A paper on knowledge representation:

(it looks readable, although I haven't gone through it)

"Towards Knowledge Representation:
The State of Data and Processing Modeling Standards"

A potentially valuable paper on system called "Grassroots" that unfortunately has had the line-endings squeezed out of it:

"Groupware for Developing Critical Discussion Skills"

"Supporting Development of Synchronous Collaboration Tools on the Web with GroCo"

"Negotiating the Construction of Organizational Memory Using Hypermedia Argument Spaces"

"Hypermedia Version Support for the Online Design Journal"

Hell of a title, but unfortunately the link didn't work:

Sandy Kydd, Alan Dyke, and David Jenkins. Department of Computing & Information Systems...

Last modified on: 9-Aug-1999 - 13K bytes - in English

"Working Apart Together Foundations for Component Groupware"

(A collection of references. Many downloadable.)

"Capturing Organization Memory"

"Designing Organizational Memory:
Preserving Intellectual Assets in a Knowledge Economy"

"Formality Considered Harmful: Experiences,
Emerging Themes, and Directions"

Design Rationale for Complex System Documentation

Center for Strategic Technology Research:

"Thought Leadership - Insight Lab
The Insight Lab is an immersive environment designed to
support teams who create design requirements documents..."

"Embedding Critics in Design Environments"

"Open Peer Review & Argumentation:

Loosening the Paper Chains on Journals"

"HyperContext: Using Context in Adaptive Hypertext"

"IT and Hypertext: Towards a Literary Renaissance?"

"From a Web to a linear HTML document"

"Expert systems and CYC"

"Practical Knowledge Representation for the Web"

"Community is Knowledge! in (KA)2

"Technologies, techniques, and disciplines in knowledge management"


"If design can be considered "the conception and planning of the artificial" then its scope and boundaries are intimately entwined with our understanding of the artificial's limits." -Victor Margolin

"What is a Knowledge Representation?"

"Finding and Using Implicit Structure in Human-Organized Spatial Layouts of Information"

Knowledge Management

Autonomy (KM systems)

Knowledge Management Consortium

Dataware Knowledge Management Suite

Product Sampler for Knowledge Management Tools
(A collection of links to KM tools)

PolyDoc -- technologies for Knowledge Management -- a user interface that organizes digital information in a single, visual structure.

Collection of pages on Groupware

IBM Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management "Metazine" from Knowledge Transfer Int'l

Domain Knowledge Inc.

"enables users from all levels of an organization to perform detailed process documentation and knowledge management"


"Java Ontology Browser" (a working applet)

"APECKS: A Tool to Support Living Ontologies"

Listed here, but their links appear to be broken: (All papers from KAW98) (Archived workshops)


"An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics"

"How We Might Reach Agreement on Shared Ontologies:

A Fundamental Approach"

"An Ontology Tool for Query Formulation in an Agent-Based Context"

Modeling for Natural Language Understanding

"Ontology Acquisition: Situated Development"

"Ontology Definitions" (part of a slide presentation that is supposed to go on to cover "Ontological Enterprise Modeling"

Book: Laird John, Rosenbloom Paul & Newell Allen:

UNIVERSAL SUBGOALING AND CHUNKING (Kluwer Academics, 1986) "The book describes in detail an architecture (SOAR) for general intelligence..."

Software Agent Technologies

"Modeling and Simulation Literature" A collection of links:

"Knowledge and Hypermedia"

"World Wide Knowledge Web. concept maps on the Web (Gaines and Shaw) separate from documents. simple "semantic network" approach. MIME type and helper... "

Another great title with a link that failed.

"AI on the Web"

Huge collection of links.

"Cyc: The Wright Manhattan Project for AI"

Computer Associates' system based on neural networks:

Neugents -- "Software that can think".

[Note: Personally, I prefer fuzzy logic approaches, because the understanding is encapsulated in the logic. Learn the logic, and you acquire the understanding. A neural net, on the other hand, is just one big black box.]


"Transforming an Existing Organization into a Learning Organization"

"Blending Cultural Transformation and Groupware to Create a Learning Organization"

Virtual Communities

A Virtual Communities NIC:

The Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture


Eric Armstrong